China-American relations as complex and multi-faceted

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China in the world, a rapidly emerging economic power and a rich nuclear. China is after Japan the largest U.S. stock exchange. Mostly China is self-sufficient in every area; field of electronics and the defense parts has emerged as a big producer for the United States established its supremacy in Asia to be a very big challenge.

China-American relations as complex and multi-faceted, with the United States and China being neither allies nor enemies. Normally, the American government and military establishment do not regard the Chinese as an adversary, but as a competitor in some areas and a partner in others. At the same time, it is acknowledged that the nature of China-American relations will be a major factor in determining the fate of the world in the 21st century.

The U.S. was very concerned obviously when amidst the Cold War China “fell” to communists. Concerned that other Asian nations would fall led the U.S. to oppose Chinese supposedly -backed or influenced forces in Vietnam and Korea. Under Nixon, the U.S. first engaged in “ping pong” diplomacy and eventually recognized China.

The Bush government was also marked by political tensions with the People’s Republic of China and North Korea, the later of which admitted in 2003 to having been in the process of building nuclear weapons and threatened to use them if provoked by the U.S. The administration was anxious that Iran may also be developing nuclear weapons, although Iran has denied such accusations and maintains that it is pursuing peaceful use of nuclear energy.

The new Obama government- backed by a wide variety of economists – believes that China is manipulating its currency, Obama would use aggressively all the diplomatic avenues open to him to seek change in China’s currency practices.

Chinese media presented a significant interest in Obama’s inauguration. Although his reference to the fight against communism was generalized because of other priorities still there is a glimpse of accuracy and of course a vision too. John Pomfret (2009).

Most analysts who write on U.S.-China relations position arguments derived from the three main aspects in contemporary international relations i.e.: realism, liberalism, and constructivism. Those whose fundamental analytical premises place them in any one of these three schools, although do not necessarily have same views regarding the specific questions of the future of U.S.-China relations.

It is quite possible to recognize realists who believe that the relationship will be stable and peaceful, liberals who believe disagreement and conflict, and constructivists who think that things could shape either way.

Some basic positions in this discussion all rest on claims about the importance of specific causal mechanisms or sets of the same aligned causal forces. In fact, one set of forces may turn out to be as stronger as to overwhelm the rest. It is also conceivable that the future will take a shape by a confluence of different forces, partially reinforcing and partially opposed. Aaron L. Friedberg (2005)

China is emerging as one of the most powerful economies and till some extend maintain the apex position in Asia. In a more competitive and challenging environment around the globe China has to deal with mainly two dimensions: Firstly, how to maintain the significant presence at global stage and secondly, how to deal with the external and external affairs in order to reach at the desired destination.

References:

Friedberg, Aaron L. International Security (2005), The Future of US-China Relations: Is ConflictInevitable?,from<http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/016228805775124598

John Pomfret, A New U.S. Policy for China, Newsweek, from <http://newsweek.washingtonpost.com/postglobal/pomfretschina/2009/01/a_new_us_policy_for_china.html>

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