Behavior Analysis and Learning: Pierce & Cheney- Chapter 1

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Applied Behavior Analysis
The science in which tactics derived from the principles of behavior are applied systematically to improve socially significant behavior and experimentation is used to identify the variables responsible for behavior change.
Behavior
Everything that an organism does.
Behavior analysis
The scientific study of behavior of organisms including: the discovery of principles and laws that govern behavior, the extension of these principles over species, and the development of an applied technology.
Behaviorism
The philosophy of the science of behavior; various forms
Contingency
A definition of the relationship between the occasion, the operant class, and the consequences that follow the behavior; Sd: R > Sr.
Culture
All the conditions, events, and stimuli arranged by other people that regulate human action.
Experimental Analysis of Behavior
A natural science approach to understanding behavior regulation; it involves breaking down complex environment-behavior relations into component principles of behavior, and then arranging experimental procedures that reveal the underlying basic principles and controlling variables.
Learning
The acquisition, maintenance, and change of an organism’s behavior as a result of lifetime events.
Operant
Behavior that operates on the environment to produce a change, effect, or consequence.
Private Behavior
Behavior that is accessible only to the person that emits it (i.e., thinking).

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