Part 1 Introduction What is your first thought of energy resources? Is it something that got to do with electricity? First of all, I would say that the energy system is not very sustainable because it can either be sustainable, or not sustainable. The energy resources used by mankind have grown dramatically and it is affecting the environment by leaving negative impact to the environment. Not only the government sector, but also the private sectors that are aware of the environment are trying to find alternatives to sustainable development to prevent the environment from being destroyed.
Fossil FuelsThe energy resources that are most commonly use by mankind is fossil fuels, which consist of oil, coal, and natural gas. Fossil fuels are the remains of organisms that were preserved and altered as a result of geologic forces. It is also clearly seen that industrialized countries depend on fossil fuels a lot. What we human beings do not really care of is that fossil fuels will exhaust one day. Even though we know that fossil fuels are non-renewable energy, we are still using it widely.
Such examples are leaving the air-conditioner and lights on when no one’s at home, and leave the car running while waiting.Fossil fuels are providing energy via combustion, however, it releases emission that are toxic which would lead to change in climate and pollution in the air. Elliott D. In his 2003 book Energy, Society and Environment, says: Burning these fuels in power stations to generate electricity, or in homes to provide heat, or in car engines to provide transport, generates...
a range of harmful gases and others wastes, and also, inevitably, generates carbon dioxide, a gas which is thought to play a key role in the green house ‘global warming’ effect. Possible Effects on Hospitality and Tourism in MalaysiaThe widely usage of fossil fuels all over the world which affect the environment would affect the hospitality and tourism industry. One of the causes is by burning fossil fuels that would release acid emissions will affect the air quality in the particular country.
According to David Elliott, 2003, the air quality in many countries is getting worst and it will affect human beings health. It is no doubt that human beings will remain as human beings, and they will be very concern about their health. Therefore, the air quality would affect the percentage of tourist travelling around.For example, every year, Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatera, Indonesia will face the same problem, which is haze.
During this period, everyone is advised to stay at home, and lessen their outdoor activities. In the year 1997 and 2005, Malaysia experienced the worst haze where government implement the usage of mask, and some schools are even closed. This is because the air is harmful to our eyes, lungs, skin, and even throat. If the haze continues, tourists wouldn’t visit the particular country, such as Malaysia because they will expose themselves to sickness, and they wouldn’t enjoy any trip because everywhere is hazy.
As the wide usage of fossil fuels trend continues, it would change the world’s climate and resulting in floods, droughts and storm
and melting of ice caps would eventually affect the ecosystem and human life too. According to Mark Jaccard, 2005, a report by the UK Meteorological Office Hadley Centre, published in 1999, by the 2080s, northern South America and central southern Africa will lose their tropical forest and 290 million people will be infected by malaria, and 80 million people will be flooded each year due to rising sea levels, which is an impact of no action were taken to tackle climate change.The impact of climate change is very huge as it could change the whole world. Sea-level would rise where flood would be everywhere, and temperatures would increase. Small island such as Maldives, a popular tourist destination, will be expose to sea-level rise. As the temperatures are increasing, winter tourism will be affected because snowfall would be less and skiing activities are limited, and could be dangerous too.
In Malaysia, climate change will result in higher temperature which will cause diseases, drought, and even floods in the city centre.The hospitality and tourism industry in Malaysia will be affected by natural disaster as results of fossil fuels burning. Three Ways of Malaysian Tourism Industry to Counter Effects of Fossil Fuels Burning To tackle the impacts of fossil fuels towards the environment and the hospitality and tourism industry, the usage of biofuels should be practice widely. Biofuels is much more environmentally friendly and it would preserve the environment because biofuels would not release any harmful gas such as sulphur and acid emissions.
Biofuels are fuels that are made from plant materials. Most biofuels now are obtained from fermentation of food products, such as corn kernels and sugar cane, and vegetable oils, such as soy and oil palm. However, there was a protest in using food products to produce biofuels. It was fully supported when a kind of plant named jatropha came in.
Jatropha is resistant to drought and pests, and it produces seeds that contain up to 40% oil, which can be used in a standard diesel engine and also processed into biomass to power electricity plants.The usage of biofuels is environmentally friendly because biofuels are renewable, and they can offer environmental benefits such as lower emissions of carbon and sulphur compared with petroleum-based fuels. If lower emissions are to be released by biofuels, then the environment would be protected and no one will encounter any sickness because the air is not polluted by the fossil fuels toxic emissions. Although biofuels are more expensive than fossil fuels, it is better to spend money to protect our health, especially if we have families rather than spending money on fossil fuels which will pollute the environment.
Therefore, the Malaysian tourism industry should promote and encourage the government of Malaysia to use biofuels rather than the present fossil fuels such as petroleum based fuels. And by doing the promoting and encouragement, Malaysia will attract more tourists because Malaysia is practising to be environmentally sustainable to protect the environment, human beings life, and health as well. Besides that, the Malaysian tourism industry should provide and encourage more public transport that are using biofuels so that global warming can