English (The power of myth: the Hero’s Adventure)

Joseph Campbell’s ideas on heroes/heroines
– achieves or does something beyond the normal range of achievement or experience
– gives his/her life to something bigger than or other than himself/herself
– the moral objective is to save people, a person, or idea; sacrificing the self for the other
– follows a cycle: departure–trials/temptations–fulfillment–return
– achievement of the hero/heroine is on she/he is ready for as it is a manifestation of his/her character; landscape and conditions match the readiness of the hero/heroine

common heroes Campbell mentions in film
– Armstrong
– MLK Jr.
– Gandhi
– Einstein
– Mother Teresa
– military
– Prometheus
– Moses
– Muhammad
– Christ
– Buddha
– Ulysses

how does campbell define a hero?
– someone who has given his life to something other than himself
– departure, fulfillment, return

what are two general types of hero deeds?
– physical–performed an act (ex: saving someone)
– spiritual–(ex: Buddha, Christ)

how are the hero journeys of Christ and Buddha parallel?
– both undergo 3 temptations
– both choose disciples to help them

what is a “serendipitous adventure”?
– manifestation of character
– the character is ready for the adventure handed to him

what did a dragon guard in many stories?
– heaps of gold and virgins

psychologically speaking, what is the “dragon”?
– greed
– one’s binding to his own ego (“what I want”, “what I can do”, etc.)

what does “follow your bliss” mean?
– find what makes you happy and follow it
– slay your dragon

what is a hero typically seeking?
– a place of rest within yourself

what is the purpose of myths for everyday, common people?
– to relate society with nature

what is the “Gaia principle”?
– we are the earth/we are the consciousness of earth