EDAC (Study Guide 1 – Terms)

Acuity
The intensity of care necessary to meet the needs of a patient

Adverse drug events (ADES)
Generally unwanted, negative consequences associated with the use of given medications

Board of Trustees
The governing body of an organization or corporation that is generally elected by stakeholders to make decisions and policies

Built Environment
Manmade surrounding where human activity occurs

Business Planning
Determining the strategies, goals, and objectives of the business by translating the current and strategic state in terms of costs and revenues with regard to investments

Commissioning
The process of outfitting the building with the equipment and furniture not included as built-in features during construction

Credible Research
The believable and convincing study of a subject or topic to discover new information and understanding through reliable and defendable sources

Emergicenters
Care centers that are open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and accept patients with no appointments. They provide a wide range of routine services for basic and acute conditions on a first-come, first-serve basis

Evidence-Based Design (EBD)
The process of basing decisions about the built environment on credible research to achieve the best possible outcomes

Environment of Care (EOC)
The understanding that the experience one has in a healthcare delivery system is a function of six components: physical environment, layout and operations, systems, people, concepts, and implementation

Facility Master Plan
Sometimes referred to as the facility portfolio. A document that describes an overall physical development concept through maps and narrative

Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA)
Provides a safety evaluation tool when reviewing emerging project design documents

Genomics
The study of genes and their implementation in the development of healthcare products and services

Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs)
A type of managed care that provides healthcare coverage; most require a primary care physician

Healthcare Delivery System
Refers to all facilities and services that provide health care

Hospital-Associated Infections (HAIs)
An infection acquired in the hospital by a patient who was admitted for a reason other than that infection. This includes infections acquired in the hospital, by appearing after discharge, as well as occupational infections among facility staff

Long-Term Care
Refers to any personal care of assistance an individual might receive on a long-term basis because of a disability or chronic illness that limits his or her ability to function

Managed Care
An individual or group insurance plan that includes health maintenance organizations (HMO) and preferred provider organizations (PPO)

Meta-Analysis
A quantitative, statistical analysis of experiments or studies which analyzes the collective data for statistical meaning

Occupancy
Represents the act of moving to full functional residency in a new facility or space

Operations
Begins with post-occupancy EBD evaluations and represents the routine maintenance and repair activities necessary to keep the building in good working order over the life of the building

Outcomes
The target goals for a healthcare organization, many being linked to the built environment

Outpatient Services
Also referred to as ambulatory care. Constitutes diagnostic and therapeutic services and treatments provided to the walking (ambulatory) patient and do not constitute an overnight stay

Patient
The person seeking healthcare service in the healthcare industry

Pay for Performance
Refers to a method to foster quality performance by providing pay incentives or bonuses for quality work

Peer-Reviewed Journals
A scholarly periodical which requires each article submitted for publication be reviewed and assessed by an independent panel of experts

Performance-Based Building (PBB)
Specifies particular materials or designs that a building must include to achieve a targeted performance level

Physical Environment
Refers to the external, tangible surroundings which can influence behavior and development

Preferred Provider Organization (PPO)
An organization providing health insurance coverage that encourages participants to visit certain physicians, laboratories, and hospitals at a decreased rate

Primary Care
Coordinates the delivery of health services between the patient and various delivery components, which includes both preventative and curative, over a period of time to coordinate all the care a patient receives. Regarded as essential healthcare

Process
A set method of doing something involving ordered steps or operations

Programming
An American Institute of Architects guideline updated every four years, which reflects a number of Design strategies. This, along with other research, helps determine the number and size of rooms to support the described concept of operations for each area in the hospital

Project Planning
A detailed concept of operations for each clinical or administrative area

Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT)
Quantitative, comparative, controlled experiments in which researchers study two or more interventions in a series of persons who receive them in random order

Research
The systematic investigation and study of a topic or idea, based on empirical data, aimed at gaining knowledge, making discoveries, testing new theories, and applying the new knowledge

Return on Investment (ROI)
A framework that represents the common tool used by chief financial officers to financially evaluate major investment decisions in terms of cost and revenue

Sociotechnical Theory
Refers to the relationship between social and technical aspects of organizations where the relationship between socio and technical elements lead to the emergence of productivity and wellbeing

Stakeholders
Those with a vested interest in a project or those involved at the implementation of the project that care about its success

Strategic Planning
A top-down approach concerned with the mission and long-term objectives of an organization

Transition Planning
An additional phase in the Facility Life Cycle Model that ensures that all the necessary steps are planned and implemented to successfully move the organization from its present state to the envisioned future

Universal Healthcare
Healthcare coverage that is extended to all residents of a governmental region

Users
In EBD, those whom the physical environment was created for, including patients, their families, staff, and others

Visioning
The process of developing, identifying and documenting the values of an organization or project through a written vision statement

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