ecology chapter 2

Question Answer
producer an organisam that can make its own food
consumer an organism that obtains energy by feeding on another organism is called a consumer
herbivore consumers that eat only plants are herbivores
carnivore consumers that eat only plants animals are carnivor
omnivore consumers that eat both plants and animals are omnivores
scavenger scavenger is a carnivore that feeds on the bodies of dead organisms
decomposer decomposers break down biotic waste and dead organisms and return the raw materials to the environment
food chain a food chain is a series of events in which one organism eats another and obtains energy
food web a food web consists of many overlapping food chains in an ecosystem
energy pyramid diagram called an energy pyramid shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food web
evaporation process by which food molecular songs of liquid water absorb energy and change to a gas is called evaporation
condersation by which a gas changes to a liquid is called condensation
precipitation eventually that heavy Drops Fall to Earth as precipitation do that rain snow sleet or hail
nitrogen fixation process of changing free nitrogen into usable form of nitrogen as in figure is called nitrogen fixation
biome a biome is a group of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms
climate its is mostly the climates – the average annual temperature, and amounts of precipitation – in an area that determines,it biomes
desert a desert is an area that receives any precipitation in a year
rain forest rain forests are forests in which large amounts of rain fall year around
emergent layer the tallest layer of rain forest which receives the most sunlight and can reach up to 70 meters is the emergent layer
canopy underneath trees up to 50 meters tall form a leafy roof called the canopy
deciduous treek

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