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Drugs And Their Usage Sociology
Drugs And Their Usage Sociology

Drugs And Their Usage Sociology

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  • Pages: 16 (8191 words)
  • Published: August 6, 2017
  • Type: TextBook
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In this chapter the focal point will analyze the history of drugs and their usage, covering the passage from royalty to drugs being the sphere of the lower categories and creative activity of the pot monster and job drug user. After researching drug usage over clip, we will concentrate on how drugs were used and by whom, during the recession of the 1980s. This is of peculiar involvement as it is the clip of the old recession and although it may non hold lasted every bit long as the current one we face, the effects of it on the lower income percentiles and young person may give us an indicant as to what desolation this recession will go forth in its way. The economic system of drug monetary values will be discussed as the illegal drugs market is after all, a market influenced by the wider economic system, merely as legal markets are.

A brief history of drugs and their use.

The usage of Opium ( Heroin ) can be traced back every bit far as 5000bc, marihuana was foremost used as a medical specialty in China in 2727bc, with first usage of marihuana as an alcohol traced back to 1000bc in India. Around 700-600bc marihuana was used for spiritual intents by the Persians, who referred to it as a 'good narcotic ' , with many followings of Islam sing it as a replacement to alcohol ingestion which is prohibited under Islam ( Efere, 2005 ) .

By the nineteenth century, Queen Victoria 's doctor recommended the usage of it for medical grounds. By 1950

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's recreational usage of marihuana was quickly distributing from the Jazz Clubs in London outwards. In 1960 the usage of marihuanas significantly increased doing governments to supervise and command its usage more as it was get downing to be viewed as a gateway drug, with possible to take users on to more unsafe drug pickings ( Efere, 2005 ) .

Cocaine, like the bulk of other drugs, were foremost taken by those in the upper category, and was used by the likes of Queen Victoria and Winston Churchill, even being sold in the now celebrated section shop that is Harrods in London until 1916 ( Efere, 2005 ) .

In the nineteenth century, drug usage was viewed as being associated with in-between category adult females and professional work forces, who had the 'drug wont ' , the duty of which lay entirely with the person, was non with society at big. That peculiar persons fall victim to personal failing did non ask a public response of curtailing entree to drugs such as opium or cocaine and surely did non justify a criminalization of its non-medical use ( Plant et al, 2011 ) .

Dr Norman Kerr, an dependence specializer in 1865, coined the term 'narcomania ' in mention to the sensed pathological cravings for drugs. He saw drug dependence as a disease, which preyed on and infested the weak in Britain 's lower class and on occasion preyed on more flush persons whose chief intent in life was seeking pleasance ( Daly & A ; Sampson, 2012 ) .

It was no

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until the 'dope monster ' as they so termed it, was seen as a species instead than in-between category persons, that the issue of drug usage became to be seen as a constabulary affair, ensuing in the ingestion of peculiar drugs being made illegal, non because of their pharmacological medicine, but because of their association with those societal groups deemed to be 'dangerous ' ( Plant et al, 2011 ) .

During the 1960 's, groups such as the Mods and Rockers became a cause for concern amongst wider society. Already keeping a common people Satan position through their presence at presentations and stereotyped behavior such as force and deviancy, they, harmonizing to Cohen, provided seeable reminders of what people should non be, when they were associated with the usage of pep pills, it led to one of the first important terrors sing drug usage amongst young person ( Shiner, 2009 ) .

Like most drugs, they experience periods of popularity followed by periods of distain. By 1970, the popularity of cocaine had re-emerged ( Shiner, 2009 ) and Britain presently stands alongside the likes of South America and the United States as holding the largest per-head cocaine consumers in the universe ( Daly & A ; Sampson, 2012 ) , with many high profile famous persons ensuing in it going a position symbol drug ( Efere, 2005 ) . In 2010, the United Nations took notice of the appreciation the famous person civilization had on UK civilization, observing that famous person civilization was being allowed to gnaw British 'traditions ' of difficult work and soberness and marked London as the 'Cocaine Capital of Europe ' ( Daly & A ; Sampson, 2012 ) with British citizens being twice every bit likely to hold used cocaine than other European citizens ( Daly & A ; Sampson, 2012 ) .

The thought of a 'drug job ' today would look to be a comparatively new phenomenon ( Hanson et al, 2009 ) ; though as we have seen, its roots can be traced back 1000s of old ages.

The drugs have varied in popularity, the users shifted from the upper categories to the lower categories ; it has gone from a position symbol of the rich and powerful to holding a negative association with the lower categories, ensuing in the 'problem drug user ' ( Efere, 2005 ) . Increases in a peculiar usage of drug have been associated by a important alteration in the types of people involved ( Shiner, 2009 ) . Over clip, drugs have become more and more involved in mainstream society. Government statistics demo 25 % of people presently aged 50-69 and a 3rd of those in their 40s admit to devouring drugs at some point in their lives, though the drug tried is non specified, nor is any information on how insistent this usage may hold been. Over 50 % of those aged 20-39 have used drugs. Sing the differences between those aged 50-69 and 40-49, the leap from a 3rd to over half signifies clearly the alterations in society that have been happening over clip ( Daly &

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