Disadvantages In Regard To Leisure Choices Sociology Essay Essay
Taking a thorough appraisal of the society we live in, it is apparent that adult females are in many ways disadvantaged as respects leisure pick compared to work forces. Leisure is itself seen as a psychological experience of enjoyment and satisfaction which occurs within the model of clip or activity. Leisure includes things like watching telecasting, take parting in athleticss, run intoing friends, prosecuting in avocations and traveling to events ( Doughty, 2010 ) . It requires plentifulness of clip and psychological fittingness for one have the best of it. Womans are the most deprived due to assorted restraints they encounter in society. Women ‘s ‘ entree to free clip and leisure chances are controlled by such factors as their work and domestic state of affairs, their low income degree together with age and cultural group. These restraints may include structural factors such as household duties, fiscal resources, conditions factors and work clip ( Shaw 1994 ) . In most societies, it is usually regarded as adult females ‘s responsibility to take attention of the household every bit good as looking after kids.
Equally far as these restraining factors have assisted in understanding leisure engagement among adult females, farther accommodations can be reached through specific scrutiny of their sub-groups. This is because the restraints are different to the assorted classs of adult females establishing on their ages. For case, misss between the age of 15 and below have limited entree to leisure activities since they have restricted clip to prosecute in recreational activities ( Kiefer, 2004 ) . They face such restraints as deficiency of cognition, deficiency of handiness to recreational installations as influenced by their parents, deficiency of involvement in assorted recreational installations and deficiency of spouses ( Rehman et al. , 2003 ) . At this age, misss are still in school and do non hold clip to prosecute in those activities as touristry except during vacations where they can travel around the universe with their households, but for a really short period of clip. Everything they do is influenced by their parents and it is normally hard for them to make up one’s mind for themselves. These misss may non needfully be affected by those restrictions such as the interpersonal and intrapersonal restraints since they are still immature and have nil to worry approximately. They engage in featuring activities in school as portion of the co-curricular activities of any school which may non be regarded as leisure ( Young people at Play, n.d. ) . Their weak physical state of affairss discourage them from acquiring actively involved athleticss events. These misss are non affected by fiscal restraints since they are immature and all their demands are met by their parents.
However, their engagement may depend on their cultural background, that is, race and ethnicity play an of import function in finding a household ‘s influence on kids ‘s leisure. For illustration, those from the developing states grow in adversity where there is barely any money to take them to school. Therefore, they merely resort in dropping out of school and engage in kid labour to gain populating for their parents and therefore hold no clip for leisure or clip to affect themselves in any recreational activities ( Shaw 1994 ) . In add-on, misss from these developing states such as in Africa and Asia do non hold function theoretical accounts who can actuate them to prosecute in featuring activities such as football, sports, volleyball etc. At the same clip, their households can non afford to take them around the universe as tourers since they do non hold adequate money to provide for it. Those from Western states are a bit different because their parents have the fiscal strength to finance their instruction and have function theoretical accounts in the society who encourage them to affect themselves in athleticss. Some are even motivated to prosecute in music activities, for illustration, in the US where some misss become aces at really stamp ages. All in all, these misss are more dependent on parental consent and support for recreational activities.
On the other manus, immature individual ladies largely of the age between 15 and 25 old ages have different experiences on leisure, athleticss and other recreational activities. At this age they can easy do mature independent determinations and they hence face curious restraints as respects to their leisure engagement. Based on their perceptual experience of featuring activities, these adult females extremely suffer from the restrictions of low self-esteem and miss the belief that they may be talented or competent in any recreational activities ( Goliath, 2002 ) . Most of these adult females have merely finished school and still looking for employment and hence have high fiscal jobs. This renders them unable to acquire involved in both leisure and recreational activities without the aid of their parents. The restraints may besides depend on the cultural background. Womans from poorness afflicted states such as the developing states experience those intrapersonal restraints such as emphasis, household attitudes and personal ratings of the rightness of an activity ( Goliath, 2002 ) . Since these adult females may non hold acquired the appropriate instruction as a consequence of their background, they may stop up prosecuting themselves in activities such as harlotry and other condemnable activities. As a consequence, they have no clip for leisure, athleticss and other recreational activities. Additionally, they do non hold the fiscal ability to see other states as tourers. Assorted interpersonal restraints such as relationships with others and the ability to happen spouses every bit good as the influence of household duties besides affect their leisure engagement.
As a consequence of the social emphasis, these adult females do non hold the clip enjoy recreational activities with their equals. In add-on, they lack function theoretical accounts in the society who may promote them to prosecute in productive activities and they hence end up populating urgently. Though adult females are usually strong physically at this age, unequal instruction and deficiency of consciousness about the benefits of take parting in athleticss has been the chief ground they ne’er involve themselves. As a consequence, physical instruction is frequently non admired among the females in school ( Goliath 2002 ) .
Young adult females aged between 15 and 25 old ages from developed states besides experience intrapersonal and interpersonal restraints as respects their leisure engagement. These Western adult females have the restraints such as those of structural factors including fiscal resources and work clip restraints. Those who have occupations do non hold clip for leisure and recreational activities and barely acquire clip to prosecute in athleticss. Those who do non hold occupations have fiscal jobs every bit good as low regard and they do non hold trust in themselves hence they can non acquire involved in leisure activities. Equally far as athletics is concerned, many authoritiess have non taken the enterprise to carry adult females to take part. They have had less concern in footings supplying sponsorship, coverage in media, consciousness and the proviso of chances for adult females in athletics as compared to their male opposite numbers ( Goliath, 2002 ) . Some athleticss subjects such as football is far widely considered to be for work forces yet some adult females have shown to be as every bit talented in it.
Furthermore, adult females with kids have different restrictions refering their clip for leisure. Some of the adult females in this class have limited clip, money every bit good as limited entree to leisure installations. Most of these adult females are married and are largely disadvantaged with respect to clip for leisure. Womans with kids are usually held by family duties and household committednesss such as kid attention together with economic restraints ( Borg & A ; Clark, n.d. ) . Due to male jingoism in most societies, many adult females earn really small incomes which and this has proven to be restraining on their lives every bit good as on their leisure lives. Womans who are employed are said to see a dual displacement to their family duties therefore have no clip for leisure engagement as compared to their male opposite numbers ( Martinson, Schwartz & A ; Vaughan, 2002 ) .
However, leisure, recreational activities, and athletics have different deductions depending on the cultural background of adult females. Those from hapless backgrounds have limited entree to leisure activities and are largely unemployed since occupation chances are rare. Most of their clip is spent taking attention of kids and farming so as to prolong their households. It is normally really difficult for them to believe about touring other states or prosecute in any recreational activities due to fiscal restraints. They are extremely constrained by social emphasis and have really low regard to even believe of take parting in any clean activities and they non merely hold small clip for themselves, but they besides ne’er feel that they have a right to leisure for themselves ( Martinson, Schwartz & A ; Vaughan, 2002 ) . Other adult females fear for force particularly in those leisure scenes far from place. At times, they regard taking attention of their households as their premier responsibility since most of their hubbies are idle and ne’er care about them.
Similarly, adult females with kids from developed states have small clip for leisure and other recreational activities such as athleticss and touristry. Those who have occupations have are the 1s said to hold dual displacement, that is, hold small clip for leisure because they need to equilibrate the clip they spend with their household and that spend in work. These adult females spend much of their clip either in occupation or at place. Most of them make usage of computer-based engineering for leisure designed to do them busy such as the cyberspace and believe that clip spent or even activities pursued with household are the most of import ( Kramarae & A ; Spender, 2000 ) . In most instances, particularly at times when they are free from work, most adult females wish to animate around the universe together with their households but their kids prevent them. This is because kids are normally cumbersome to go with.
By and large, adult females with kids are normally unwilling to acquire involved in featuring activities. They merely take portion in organic structure fitting exercisings such as jogging in the forenoons. Most of them think they can non pull off to take part in athleticss activities such as sports, football etc. and see fostering their kids as their cardinal function in the society. They merely watch their favourite association football squads or even basketball squads on telecastings during their free minutes on weekends. The type of profession a adult female is in may besides move as a restraint to her leisure life. Nurses for illustration have the moral principle of attention in their heads all the clip which is connected to the deficiency of a sense of right to leisure ( Martinson, Schwartz & A ; Vaughan, 2002 ) . Womans who are individual parents and do non high paying occupations largely encounter fiscal restraints which is usually restraining to life in general and to their leisure lives every bit good. This is due to the fact that they have to provide for the basic demands of their kids. By run intoing nutrient, shelter, vesture and educational disbursals for the kids, the sums that remain may be excessively small to provide for recreational activities.
Old adult females have assorted restraints to leisure engagement as good. Their engagement in assorted recreational activities is extremely influenced by wellness related jobs, hapless public presentation quality and deficiency of comrades ( Leitner & A ; Leitner, 2004 ) . In general, older people are said to endure from wellness jobs more than immature people. Particular wellness jobs limit engagement in specific leisure activities ( Women Sports and Fitness Foundation, n.d. ) . Older adult females with sight jobs can non freely prosecute in activities such as touristry, exercisings and other recreational activities that include work. Research has shown that older adult females like to prosecute more in inactive diversion such as watching telecasting, listening to radio and reading newspapers instead than take part in active signifiers of diversion ( Leitner & A ; Leitner, 2004 ) . This is due to the fright that they may acquire hurts ensuing to their kids seting them in nursing places. Furthermore, older adult females are seen to be economically disadvantaged and besides tend to hold more family and household duties which make them hold less free clip to take portion in leisure activities. Most of them like stay at place and take attention of their grandchildren. These actions of attention giving cut down their leisure activities due to miss of clip, fatigue, and other intrapersonal restraints such as emphasis ( Leitner & A ; Leitner, 2004 ) .
Older adult females leisure engagement is besides influenced by attitude ( Henderson & A ; Bialeschki, 1990 ) . These adult females merely take part in those leisure activities which they consider as meaningful to them ( Greer, 2006 ) . Some leisure activities that are taken as being for merriment but have no intent are extremely ridiculed by the aged adult females. Most of these aged adult females view their old age negatively and have a feeling that they should non be involved in recreational and leisure activities because they think that people their age should non hold leisure any longer ( Leitner & A ; Leitner, 2004 ) . At their old ages, they have lost gustatory sensation for most of the recreational activities such as swimming and expression upon them as for the immature and strong people. As respects to featuring activities, aged adult females are incapable of take parting actively and can merely watch on telecastings since most of them have wellness related jobs.
The degree to which aged adult females are disadvantaged with regard to leisure engagement may besides depend on their cultural background. Majority of adult females from developing states spend most of their clip taking attention of their grandchildren and ne’er have clip to affect themselves in recreational activities ( Leitner & A ; Leitner, 2004 ) . Most of them remain within their homesteads all twenty-four hours and have ne’er visited a foreign state and even ne’er think of activities like touristry. They do non even think of holding leisure as their right and are most of the times stressed as a consequence of their kids dropping out of school, deficiency of nutrient due to drought etc. Most of the development states are faced with the job of diseases and hence a large figure of the elderly adult females have wellness complications hence they can barely take part in any leisure or athleticss activities ( Leitner & A ; Leitner, 2004 ) .
Older adult females from developed states are rather different from their opposite numbers on how they perceive these recreational activities. As for them, they may wish to tour other states but factors such as wellness related jobs, household committednesss, among others hold them back ( Leitner & A ; Leitner, 2004 ) . This is because they are unable get involved in those recreational events like mountain-climbing, skiing and skating. They have leisure by watching telecastings and reading magazines unlike those from developing states who are largely excessively illiterate to read newspapers and have small entree or involvement in telecasting. Their deficiency of leisure engagement is chiefly affected by attitude. This is shown by the fact that they ignore some recreational activities that do non add value to their lives at those old ages. Most of them like athleticss events though their weak wellness may non be in a place to defy them. Consequently, they follow these events on telecastings or travel to the locales where athleticss activities are held accompanied by other household members such as their grandchildren.
Though some adult females are good in athleticss, they ne’er get the acknowledgment they deserve ( Stavropoulou, 2008 ) . Some athleticss such as rugger and football are regarded as work forces ‘s and adult females who shine in them acquire really small or no attending at all ( Goliath, 2002 ) . Governments can increase adult females engagement in athleticss by promoting wider media representation and giving wagess to the best personalities in the assorted athletics classs. By making so, immature adult females will be encouraged to take part in athleticss irrespective of their cultural backgrounds and gain money for themselves which may in bend increase their leisure engagement.
In decision, it is apparent that adult females are the most deprived when it comes to leisure engagement as compared to work forces. It has been seen that their deficiency of athleticss engagement is as a consequence of hapless attending by most authoritiess and the impression that most athleticss subjects are better suited for work forces. However, it is clear that their entree to recreational installations is chiefly influenced by factors such as clip handiness, family and household duties, fiscal stableness and cultural background. Womans have besides been found to be constrained otherwise depending on their ages.