Dietrich test #1

Organic Chemistry
Study of all chemicals containing carbon
Inorganic Chemistry
Study of chemicals, generally, without carbon
Biochemistry
Study of processes that take place in organisms
Analytic Chemistry
Study that focuses on the composition of matter
Physical Chemistry
Area that deals with the mechanism, the rate & energy transfer that occurs when matter undergoes a change.
5 branches of chemistry. List & Define.
Physical Chemistry:Area that deals with the mechanism, the rate & energy transfer that occurs when matter undergoes a change.

Analytic Chemistry :Study that focuses on the composition of matter

Biochemistry:Study of processes that take place in organisms

Inorganic Chemistry:Study of chemicals, generally, without carbon

Organic Chemistry:Study of all chemicals containing carbon

Mixture
A mixture contains two or more substances that are not chemically combined.
Product
The compounds that are formed when a reaction goes to completion.
Reactant
Substances initially present in a chemical reaction that are consumed during the reaction to make products.
Phase
The states in which matter can exist
Heterogeneous mixture
Different throughout
Homogeneous Mixture
Same throughout
Vapor
A gas formed by boiling or evaporating a liquid
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
Compound
is a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are chemically bonded together
Element
cannot be separated into simpler substances
Chemical Reaction
process in which one or more substances are changed into others
Distillation
The separation of a liquid mixture into its components on the basis of differences in boiling points.
Lavoisier
Considered the father of modern chemistry because he helped transformed chemistry from a science of observation to a science of measurement it is today by inventing the first ever scale (balance). He also determined how materials actually burned (combining with oxygen)
Liquid
indefinite shape, definite volume
Solid
definite shape, definite volume
Gas
indefinite shape, indefinite volume
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