Developed And Developing Country Experiences
The two causes of arbitration are rural to urban migrations and a rise In natural population growth due to the age of the migrants, this Is normally young adulthood so the most fertile years, this means there are greater numbers of families. The main cause the migration from rural areas to urban, people are pushed from their rural homes due to factors such as the mechanization of the agricultural Industry, meaning many who gained employment from this industry are surplus to requirements.
An example of this is the green revolution, a programmer that started in the sass and began in India in 1961, it financed agrochemicals, and developed irrigation systems and Imported high yield varieties into India, forcing many Indians In the agriculture Industry to relocate for employment purposes. But this can create ajar issues in the city, such as the overcrowding of housing or the new dwellers are simply unable to pay rent, so slums begin to appear and grow.
India also became urbanites due to it’s location, it had access to sea on two sides and the British colonial administration In India developed the sheltered Inlet Into a major port. The British viewed the port and surroundings as the “Gateway to India”. This made it the closest port of entry to subcontinent for travelers from Europe, through the Suez Canal. As with many major global ports area around the port became industrialized, processing goods for export and handling Imports.
The city grew during British rule as variety of services grew up around the port, the import and exporting from Iambi was enhanced by the introduction of the green revolution. A similar cause occurred in London due to the Industrial revolution between the 1 8th and 19th century. Workers In the agricultural industry were not surplus however, they just saw better opportunities in the cities, where factories were being 1 OFF often better paid than the ones in the rural areas, acting as another pull factors for labor workers to relocate.
An issue for workers looking to move to London was that hey couldn’t afford to rent at the beginning of their move, so the majority would move in with relatives at the start and they may even help them in finding employment, but if this wasn’t a possibility then they would have to find temporary places to stay until they had the finances to rent a house, which lead to the growth of shanty towns. In 1981 the Loon’s Docklands Development Corporation was set up to improve the economic, social and environmental problems that had developed in the area that was once one of the world’s busiest ports.
The area had been in decline since the sass’s. So from this we can clearly see evidence that both cities experienced similar struggles whilst in the process of arbitration. Both London and Iambi saw cases of people new to the city searching for lost cost housing and were effected largely by their location and how it allows access to the industries. To combat these slum areas growing somewhat uncontrollably in size, such as the Diehard slum in Iambi, the government and Maharajah’s state planned the development of high-rise apartment blocks over a seven year period of construction.
The housing inside was set to be cleared in states. As each sections is cleared, the art of the population living in the area will be recourse in temporary accommodation then all housing is replaced with 7 storey tenements. Any family that can prove they have been tenants of the Diehard since 1995 are eligible to receive free housing in the new block. The rest of the housing will then be sold or left to open market. The plans were produced by the architect Mr. Meta and will be implemented by the Slum Rehabilitation Authority.
The development of the area has many added features that the slum lacked such as proper roads, electricity, a clean water supply, schools and medical centers. There were plans to consult slum Weller on the proposed plans but many argue this has not come to fruition. This has similarities to London who in comparison decided to tackle the problem of inadequate housing by building and purchasing housing and it became council housing. This housing was generally rented to households who were unable to afford to rent from private owners or buy their own home.
I can been named council housing due to the role of the district and councils managing the housing. Before this was implemented in the late 19th century there were many high density, unrestrained neighborhoods where overcrowding became common place as workers ho had migrated were unable to afford the rent from private owners who owned the majority of the city housing. The government began to pass acts which mainly addressed the worst areas of housing to be improved or demolished.
The most important of these acts came in 1890 which was the ‘Housing for Working Classes Act’ which meant the local government board was granted the power to force local authorities to shut down unhealthy houses, making landlords personally liable for their tenants’ health, and the Act also made it illegal for landlords to let property which was below elementary sanitary standards. But a few decades after this, London also started to plan for the ‘streets in the sky, high rise flats devised by of London the buildings were later criticized for being poor quality and high-density estates.
Both cities contained a high population density with poor planning that lead to the growth of inadequate housing for the most basic of human life. Iambi had a plan for 2004 to redevelop the Diehard slum into high rise apartments and a sewage system and London also planned to build high rise housing to cope with the number of dwellers. The development of international trade played a key part in the Arbitration of both cities with Iambi a major port for the British in earlier periods and the London Docklands redevelopment.
I agree with the statement to the extent that the experiences were indeed broadly the same in both the developing and developed country, however the crucial difference to the experiences is when they came about, Iambi saw the majority of the effects in a very short time period, where as London urbanites in a more gradual process. This extremity of the pace of arbitration in Iambi is the cause of the size of the negative effects in the city, such a large migration could not be coped with by the cities resources.
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