Declaration of Independence: Study Guide 1

independence
freedom

Second Continental Congress
In 1776, about a year after the Revolutionary War began, the delegates of the _____________ met again to discuss the possibility of gaining independence, or freedom, to govern themselves, from Britain.

best choice
Not all of the delegates agreed that revolting against Britian was the ___________.

John Adams
______________ from Massachusetts argued STRONGLY for independence, and he began to convince others to agree with him.

Richard Henry Lee
One June 17, 1776, _____________ of Virginia stated that the 13 colonies no longer owed their loyalty to the king.

resolution
formal group statement

Congress
committee
On June 11, 1776, after much debate, ______ voted to create a ______ to write the declaration, or official statement.

declaration
official statement

Committee of Five
A group that wrote the Declaration of Independence.

John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert Livingston, and Roger Sherman
People in the Committee of Five

Thomas Jefferson
The Committee of Five decided _____________ would write the first draft of the Declaration of Independence.

Thomas Jefferson
A 33 year old lawyer who had studied government and law. He carefully wrote and rewrote the Declaration of Independence.

preamble
Jefferson’s draft was very well planned in the ____________, or introduction, he explained why the Declaration was needed and why the colonies had the right to break away from Britain and create a new nation.

preamble
introduction in the Declaration that explained why the colonies were breaking away from Britain.

government
In the next section, Jefferson described the colonists’ ideas of _______.

unalienable
life, liberty, happiness
Jefferson stated that there are certain _______ rights that the government cannot take away. They are the right to ____________, ______________, and the pursuit of ______________.

complaints
Another section stated the colonists’ ______ against King George III and Parliament.

free, independent
The last section stated that the colonies were now ___________ and ____________ states.

draft
revisions
Thomas Jefferson’s ______________ was presented to Congress on June 28, 1776. It was debated for several days, and _______ were made.

Congress
On July 2, 1776, ____________ voted to approve the resolution to cut ties with Britain.

Declaration of Independence
On July 4, 1776, Congress voted to accept the wording of ____________________.

Declaration of Independence
A resolution explaining why the colonists’ wanted independence.

Thomas Jefferson
Writer of the Declaration of Independence that became the third President of the U.S.