What is the DASH diet?
Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension
In the first DASH study, how much did systolic/diastolic blood pressure drop in individuals that did not have hypertension? How much did blood pressure drop in individuals with high blood pressure? How long did it take for these effects to take place?
5.5/3 points, 11.6/5.3 points, 2 weeks on the diet
In the second DASH trial, what was the effect of reducing sodium levels on participants consuming a normal American diet and the DASH diet? How did the different sodium levels affect results?
Lowered blood pressure for both eating plans, but blood pressure was lower for the DASH diet; at the 1500mg the results were especially lowered
What effect does the DASH eating plan have on inflammatory markers IL6, and C-reactive protein?
Produced lowered levels
The importance of potassium, magnesium, calcium, fiber from the fruits and vegetables for blood pressure results in the diet has been postulated after. What were the results and conclusions in a crossover study in which obese and lean individuals consumed a usual diet, the DASH diet and the usual diet supplemented with potassium, magnesium, and fiber that match the DASH diet and also matched calcium and sodium?
Only obese individuals adhering to the DASH diet showed improvement in blood pressure and endothelial function
How does the diet lipid and glucose levels in diabetic individuals?
Lowers them
What effect does a low salt DASH diet have on bone health?
Results in less bone turnover thus stronger bones
What foods are emphasized in the DASH diet?
High in fruit and vegetables, low in dairy and animal meat, high in nuts, seeds, and beens, low in snacks and sweets, and is based on a 2000 calories a day
What improvements to the DASH diet are suggested by the author?
More fish and monounsaturated oils
According to this patient handout, what foods are reduced on the DASH diet?
Reduced in lean red meat, sweets, added sugars, and sugar containing beverages