CWV Topic 6

Define the problem of evil from the textbook and the PowerPoint.
The Problem of Evil is the philosophical and theological “problem” expressed in the question: If God is a good and loving God who is omnipotent, why is there evil in the world?

An epistemological theory that knowledge comes through only sensory experience
Empiricism

what two commandments did Jesus say are the greatest? How does a Christian ethics view transformation?
To love God and to love others. Christian ethics is less about behavior and more about becoming a new person (transformation). God will write love on our hearts (New Covenant- Jeremiah 31).

describe the potential problems associated with relative truth and with relative ethics.
• Relative truth problems: no truth is true, then the statement is self-refuting. The argument refutes itself because it is making an absolute truth claim in its basic statement that there is no absolute truth. If there is no truth, then even the statement that there is no truth cannot be true. This view of truth also encounters problems morally because when self-interests harm others, there is no guide by which self-interest can be identified and evaluated as right or wrong.
• Relative ethics problems: If ethics only went as far as the individual, or alternatively as far as a particular culture, what happens when the ethics of two individuals or two cultures collide? Which one is right? In other words, those that say there is no universal right and wrong for everyone are making a self-refuting statement. They are saying it is universally right for everyone to adopt a belief that there is no right and wrong for everyone.
Both require at least one universal claim to support the idea that there are no universal claims

unalterable facts that are true at all times for all persons regardless of context
Absolute truth

an objective standard by which certain actions may be judged right or wrong, regardless of the context of the act, the consequences of the act, or the intentions behind it
Absolute Morality

where God reveals himself through nature, history, science, and reasoning
General Revelation

God revealing himself specifically to people (e.g. the bible, miracles, prophesies)
Special Revelation

According to chapter 9 in the textbook and Job 1-2 and 38-40, does Job ever find out why he suffered? What does the story of Job teach, according to the textbook?
Job never finds out why he suffered. God wanted him to focus on who God was instead of why he was suffering.
The story of Job shows, first, that suffering comes to persons regardless of how righteous they are. Second, it shows that it is all right to ask questions of God. Third, the story shows that humans should not blame God for evil nor question his goodness. Fourth, the Book of Job illustrates that it should be enough for humans who do trust in God to know that their Creator sees them, hears them, loves them, is with them, and will be revealed as completely good in the end. Finally, in Job, the story gives a clear reminder that things will work together for good for those who love God.

Read the story of the raising of Lazarus in John 11. What can we learn about Jesus and death from this account of the event? How does this passage speak to the Christian worldview’s hope of ending suffering?
He says in verse 25 and 26, “I am the resurrection and the life. Anyone who believes in me will live, even after dying. Everyone who lives in me and believes in me will never ever die” This speaks to the Christian worldview hope of ending suffering because Jesus is the hope that if we accept him we will no longer suffer.

truth is relative to what an individual or society believes to be true and it is only true as a person understands it to be true
Relative truth

is right/wrong = individual (subjective) and no standard exists and everything is relative
Relative Morality

is the Christian defense of God’s infinite goodness and power despite the presence of evil and suffering
Theodicy

All evil that we see in creation stems from the effects of original sin, which is a corruption of God’s good creation
The Original Sin

Holds that God in some way chooses to allow evil within creation in order to provide human beings with an actual free will to choose good or evil
Free Will

God has allowed evil to be in the world as a moral test for humanity, causing people to become more like God morally and spiritually
Irenaen

Looks at the reality of eternal life as being joyful beyond any suffering a person would experience in life
Eternity

According to chapter 9 in the textbook and Job 1-2 and 38-40, does Job ever find out why he suffered? What does the story of Job teach, according to the textbook?
Job never finds out why he has suffered. God wanted him to focus on who God was instead of why he was suffering.
1. suffering comes to persons regardless of how righteous they are.
2. it shows that it is all right to ask questions of God.
3. the story shows that humans should not blame God for evil nor question his goodness.
4. the Book of Job illustrates that it should be enough for humans who do trust in God to know that their Creator sees them, hears them, loves them, is with them, and will be revealed as completely good in the end.
5. the story gives a clear reminder that things will work together for good for those who love God.

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