Cultural Emergency of India
Leading academic Ashis Nandy is threatened with arrest after he makes controversial remarks about corruption and disadvantaged groups at the popular Jaipur literary festival. Sir Salman himself is asked to stay away from a film promotion and a literary festival in Calcutta, supposedly one of India’s more liberal cities, because authorities fear protests from fringe Muslim groups. Similar groups have demanded a ban on actor-director Kamal Haasan’s new film Vishwaroopam, prompting the star to complain about “cultural terrorism”.
The outsize controversy over the remarks made by Prof Nandy, who was once voted one of the world’s top 100 public intellectuals by Foreign Policy magazine, demonstrates how fringe groups can threaten free speech with impunity.
At a panel discussion ironically called the Republic of Ideas, the scholar said “most of the corrupt” in India came from its most disadvantaged groups, but he also said that corruption among the rich was less conspicuous.
Ashis Nandy is one of India’s top academics All hell broke loose: there was a tsunami of media-generated outrage, a police complaint was lodged against Prof Nandy, and prominent Dalit leader Mayawati said he should be sent to prison. Very few people seemed to be listening to Prof Nandy’s patient clarifications. Dalit scholar Kancha Ilaiah said Prof Nandy had made “a bad statement with good intentions”. But the harassment of the good professor is likely to continue.
Sir Salman, who’s no stranger to controversy in India, was asked to stay away from promoting Midnight’s Children, the film based on his novel, and a book fair in Calcutta on Wednesday following fears of fringe Muslim groups protesting against his presence. “Rushdie banished from Calcutta,” said a shocked Telegraph newspaper.
And in Chennai (Madras) in southern India, Kamal Haasan, according to reports, has agreed to personally cut parts of his big budget film Vishwaroopam because some Muslims groups don’t like the way the community has been portrayed in the film.
This after the film has been cleared by official censors, and the high court has thrown out moves to ban the film from being screened. A tired Kamal Haasan said he was fed up with the controversy and contemplating leaving the country. There’s a grim precedent: one of India’s greatest painters, MF Husain, was literally hounded into exile for drawing a Hindu goddess naked.
Last year cartoonist Sudhir Tailang told me that a “new intolerance” was gripping India. He was dismayed by the arrest of anti-corruption cartoonist Aseem Trivedi after a lawyer complained that his cartoons mocked the country and its constitution. This year, the world’s largest democracy ranked a miserable 140th out of 179 countries in the Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index— falling nine places from last year. Today, Afghanistan and Qatar have a freer press than India.
In recent years, the government has cast a watchful eye on the Internet, demanding that companies like Google and Facebook prescreen content and remove items that might be deemed “disparaging” or “inflammatory,” according to technology industry executives there.
In November, police in Mumbai arrested a 21-year-old woman for complaining on Facebook about the shutdown of the city after the death of the nativist politician Bal K. Thackeray; another Facebook user was arrested for “liking” the first woman’s comment. The grounds for the arrests? “Hurting religious sentiments The new intolerance, many believe, is also being fuelled by a section of India’s sensation-seeking media, which “dumbs down” nuanced debates.
Others argue that politicians should share a large part of the blame. “When politicians abdicate the responsibility of standing up for the average citizen in the face of such action, when they become cheerleaders for intimidation in fact, the republic is in trouble indeed,” says The Indian Express newspaper. The question is, why are most Indian politicians and the government silent about such attacks on free speech?