CRIMINOLOGY UNIT 3 Q&A’S

Flashcard maker : Brandon Ruffin
Crimes against persons include assault, robbery and the threat of nonphysical harm.
true
A homicide in which the offender wanted to physically hurt the victim but did not mean to kill the victim is categorized as __________.
second degree murder
Crime statistics show that arson is the most frequent property crime.
false
What type of homicide includes crimes in which the offender planned to kill another person and then carried out the act?
first degree murder
What type of homicide is that in which the victim and perpetrator knew each other as friends, family, or other acquaintances?
primary homicide
Homicide is the most frequent crime.
false
Primary homicides are often referred to as ______ crimes, because they are committed due to hostility in the relationship.
expressive
Research has shown that most robberies involve little planning on the part of offenders.
true
Crime statistics show that violent crimes have been declining since the mid-1990s.
true
The unlawful attack without a weapon in which the victim is not seriously harmed is classified as?
simple assault
All of the following are classified as crimes against property except __________.
robbery
The type of killing attributed to someone being reckless is known as?
involuntary manslaughter
Homicides that involve the murder of several individuals and at least three separate events are classified as?
serial murders
Nonprimary homicides are those in which the victim and perpetrator did not know each other or have a relationship prior to the homicide.
true
Larceny is considered a crime of opportunity.
true
Homicides that are considered less blameworthy than the other categories are known as?
manslaughter
Most assaults happen to victims and offenders who know each other, often within a personal relationship.
true
Which type of robbery includes muggings and robberies in someone’s home?
personal robbery
Which of the following have shown to be one of the major reasons robberies occur?
the robber needs \”fast cash\”
Assaults have been declining since the early 1990s.
true
The vast majority of intimate-partner assault include the following. (Select all that apply)
-shoving
-pushing
A simple assault is an unlawful attack without a weapon in which the victim is not seriously harmed.
true
All businesses spend the extra money for security measures to prevent crime.
false
Research indicates that most robberies involve little planning on the part of offenders.
true
What is the most common crime to occur within families?
assault
Which of the following includes robbery that occurs at businesses and commercial settings, such as banks or convenience stores?
institutional robbery
Individuals who commit assaults are most likely to be in which age group?
15-34
Which of the following is the basic distinction between and aggravated assault and a homicide?
whether the targeted victim dies or not
Which of these is defined as an unlawful attack on another person with the intent of severe injury?
aggravated assault
Shoplifting accounts for more business loss than employee theft.
false
Why do businesses often have difficulty preventing shoplifting?
businesses cannot risk annoying or intimidating legitimate customers
Statistically, shoplifters tend to be _________.
teenagers
A(n) _________ is defined as a thief who has acquired a degree of skill, plans his crimes, generates relatively good amounts of money, and spends little time incarcerated.
professional thief
Most items taken through larceny are taken from __________.
cars
Some studies have found that about two-thirds of all individuals have shoplifted at some point in their life.
true
Those living in rental properties are more likely to experience a property crime than individuals who own their own homes.
true
The majority of people shoplift because they have a lack of money to pay for items.
false
Larceny is defined as the unlawful taking away of another’s property from their possession.
true
Average thieves who steal regularly over time are known as __________.
persistent thieves
Those who commit crimes when the time is favorable for the crime are known as?
occasional offenders
If someone steals a purse without physically harming or threatening anyone, and without illegally entering a building, they have committed __________.
larceny
Youths between the ages of 13 and 18 who set fires often have a history of setting fires.
true
Many burglars are successful due to this fact.
they work with at least one other person
About what percent of arson fires are set by individuals under 18?
fifty percent
Victims of burglary are more likely to report the crime when forcible entry is present.
true
Statistics on arson are limited in the sense that only fires classified as arson are reported to agencies like the FBI.
true
In about what percent of home burglaries does the victim know the offender?
forty percent
Individuals who let burglars know about attractive targets are referred to as________.
tipsters
It is estimated that only one- third of all deliberate fires are set for this reason.
to collect insurance money
About what percent of residential burglaries, is someone home during the invasion and sees the offender.
thirteen percent
Someone who helps burglars sell stolen goods, making a profit for themselves in the process is known as a_______.
fence
What is the most common crime to occur within families according to statistics?
assault
Type of attack defined as an unlawful attack on another person with the intent of severe injury is known as_________.
aggravated assault
The type of killing attributed to someone being reckless is known as?
involuntary manslaughter
The vast majority of intimate-partner assault includes shoving and grabbing the other person.
true
Which of the following are the most common reasons children between 8 and 12 set fires
curiosity and/or psychological issues
Males are more likely to be the perpetrator of homicide than females.
true
Jewelry accounts for only 10% of all items stolen from stores.
false
All of the following are types of crimes against property EXCEPT?
shoplifting
A term often used to describe assault between individuals in an intimate relationship is known as ___________.
intimate-partner assault
The category of thief who steals regularly over time is known as ________.
a persistent thief
Robberies are more likely to happen in older neighborhoods than in newer ones
true
Which of the following is NOT a crime against persons?
arson
Which type of thief can be defined as an individual who has acquired a degree of skill and plans his crimes?
professional thief
The typical test to see if a person is lying is called?
polygraph test
Which age range are the most likely to be victims of a homicide?
young adults 18 and 24
Someone who helps burglars sell stolen goods, making a profit for themselves in the process are known as_______.
fences
Some adults commit arson also for revenge and/or out of hatred.
true
What type of homicide is it if the victim and perpetrator knew each other as friends, family, or other acquaintances?
primary homicide
Research indicates that most robberies involve lots of planning on the part of offenders.
false
All burglars get into buildings by picking or breaking locks.
false
Who are individuals who let burglars know about attractive targets?
tipsters
A homicide in which the offender wanted to physically hurt the victim, but did not mean to kill the victim is categorized as?
second degree murder
Which type of robbery includes muggings and robberies in someone’s home?.
personal robbery

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