Confucianism Versus Daoism: Responsibility Essay Essay
Two schools of idea that arise around the same clip in Ancient China are Confucianism and Daoism. Each Teachs that people have certain duties ; nevertheless. they teach different types of duty. Kungfuzi. or Confucius. argues that every individual has a duty placed on his shoulders to assist better society in the here and now. While Lao Tzu. the conceiver of Daoism. believes that each individual has a duty. he believes that that duty is in respects to oneself instead than society.
He believes that a individual must work within themselves to make peace with their Selfs and with nature. Reaching this peace is something that does non take attempt to accomplish. The contrast between the two schools of idea becomes narrowed down to the construct of action versus inactivity to better society. Because of these differences. we can see that Confucius respects worlds as extremely capable of working within their several categories. but that Lao Tzu believes that worlds must be at peace with nature in order to make their full potency.
Confucius’ thoughts arise merely a short clip before Lao Tzu explains his beliefs. Harmonizing to the Confucian instructions. people are capable of being taught and changed every bit long as they are learning the right manner. The things people should be taught are things such as being virtuous and moving on what they teach while besides maintaining a healthy sense of ethical motives and being cognizant of and willing to assist other persons in demand. Confucius believes that each individual should be held accountable for his actions in each field.
This belief is supported by the fact that he thinks that the authorities should “lead [ people ] by agencies of virtuousness and modulate them through rites [ so that ] they will hold a sense of shame and furthermore have standards” ( “Confucian Teachings” paragraph 51 ) . He believes that each individual has the capacity to stand out at each enterprise because societies were made to work in harmoniousness. Basically. Confucius believes that each individual has a duty to keep a healthy and progressive relationship with others within that peculiar society.
They all work toward a similar. well-known end which is societal harmoniousness. As everyone begins to work together toward the greater good. this societal harmoniousness can be achieved. Therefore. he places a call to action on everyone within a society to really move on their instructions in order to make harmoniousness. This besides means that a individual must run within his category to execute his responsibilities in a mode that will be an advancement toward the societal harmoniousness Confucius stresses. The issue of each person’s duty depends on his category and his occupation within society.
While Confucius believes strongly in the societal hierarchy. he believes that every individual must lend in some manner toward making societal harmoniousness. Even kids must lend through their regard for their seniors. Elders must be obeyed because they have received the Mandate of Heaven—permission by Heaven to govern over the people ( “Confucian Teachings” ) . Because each individual has such duties. he should move harmonizing to his abilities. Once those actions work jointly. they form societal harmoniousness.
As that societal harmoniousness is reached. that is when people are most to the full themselves. most to the full human because they have reached the possible created for them by Heaven. This thought of a individual moving harmonizing to his abilities means that Confucius believes in a policy of action in order to accomplish this end. People’s actions are what conveying them closer to harmony within a society. Therefore. worlds were created in order to endeavor toward this end of peace. The relationships worlds must organize with each other suggest that worlds are meant to populate with each other instead than with nonhuman nature. as Lao Tzu believed.
While Confucianism is a belief that is strongly rooted in the ability of people to work in society toward a greater good which is basically the end of life. Daoism is the belief that people’s ultimate capacity is achieved through making harmoniousness with nature. In Daoism. people are encouraged to follow the Dao. or the Way. which is everything that exists in this universe. They follow whatever manner they feel nature is naming them to travel. This way will finally take them to internal peace every bit good as peace with nature. Unlike Confucianism. Daoism is non concerned with the ability of worlds to be actively taught.
Worlds can non learn each other because all cognition originates with the Dao which is in nature. Since all ethical motives. virtuousness. and moralss stem from the Dao. people do non necessitate to be taught these values by other worlds. In fact. Lao Tzu believes that the authorities should non hold a manus in learning people at all. but instead that the people should larn from nature. He states that the authorities should “engage in no action and order will prevail” ( “Daoist Teachings” line 41 ) . Thus the construct of inactivity is one time once more encouraged by Lao Tzu.
No active instruction should be done by the authorities in order to enable people to detect their true topographic point in nature. The human duty held within Daoism is that people must keep a relationship with nature in order to accomplish harmoniousness. A demand to link with nature suggests that worlds and nature were created to be together. This tunefulness does non come through competition or even support of a societal hierarchy. in fact. harmonizing to Lao Tzu. people should non “honor the worthy/And the people will non compete” ( “Daoist Teachings” lines 30/31 ) .
This is in direct contrast to Confucian instructions. where Confucius encourages people to keep their standard societal categories as a agency of thriving society. Since the authorities can non keep people accountable for certain duties. Lao Tzu claims that the lone duty people have is to understand the power of nature and to larn from it. This brings about another differentiation between Confucianism and Daoism: the difference in the necessity of a societal hierarchy. The construct of a societal hierarchy is really unneeded when populating harmonizing to the Dao.
Because people have a duty to keep a good relationship with nature. the necessity for holding a healthy relationship with others is lessened. Basically. Lao Tzu debunks the societal hierarchy. He really believes that each community should be comparatively little and “its people few” so that there are few distractions and a strong desire to larn from nature ( “Daoist Teachings” line 109 ) . A smaller community. although it is still susceptible to holding a hierarchy. is easier to work within toward this common end of repose with nature. As the differences between societal categories lessening. each person’s individualism besides decreases.
Despite the fact that Confucianism and Daoism have many typical differences. there are besides some similarities. One such similarity is the thought that each individual is merely a being that is a portion of a whole. In Confucianism and in Daoism. each individual must cast his individualism in order to lend to a greater intent. For Confucius. the greater intent is making societal harmoniousness in order to delight the Heavens. For Lao Tzu. this intent is to derive a realisation of the relationship between adult male and nature and to happen a harmoniousness with nature through merely being in nature.
The end of each is to make Heaven through this relationship. Each school of idea besides follows the Way. This Way is the force behind all things. Harmonizing to Lao Tzu. “the Way is everlastingly nameless” because it is merely a force that can non be seen or felt ( “Daoist Teachings” line 74 ) . The Way merely exists. When a individual follows the Way he can make that harmoniousness whether it is between himself and society or himself and nature. The chief intent behind each of these schools of idea is to guarantee that each individual reaches his full potency.
Whether it be through actively working to better society or merely making a relationship with nature. a individual must make this harmoniousness in order to acquire into Heaven. As we can see. despite the fact that there are differences between Confucianism and Daoism ( such as the construct of action versus inactivity ) . they both have a similar terminal end. Having this end to work toward creates a more stable society than one that is non at peace and a more stable single than one who is non in harmoniousness with either society or nature.