COMMUNITY COLLEGE BACCALAUREATE DEGREE Essay

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Background

The American community college has been in being for over 100 old ages. Throughout its being, it has continuously served the demands of both the local community and society as a whole. Furthermore, in order to stay in alliance with its mission to function the community, the American community college has continuously expanded its mission and intent. As the demands of the community and society alterations, so does the mission and intent of the community college.

Mississippi community colleges have ever expanded to run into the demands of their pupils and the local community every bit good. It is necessary to find if a altering economic society has resulted in the demand for another major enlargement ; the offering of baccalaureate grades. Harmonizing to Young & A ; Ewing ( 1978 ) , Mississippi community colleges, since their beginning in 1922, have systematically expanded in a assortment of ways in order to suit the educational demands of persons from all junior college territories. In today ‘s altering times, there is desperate demand for increased entree to the baccalaureate grade. Harmonizing to Walker ( 1997 ) , although there is presently a lifting demand for the baccalaureate grade, the lifting demand is accompanied by increasing costs which consequences in limited entree. Walker explains that the economic wellness and societal public assistance of our state depends to a great extent on widespread entree to higher instruction and if community colleges expand their mission to include the baccalaureate grade while keeping their open-door doctrine and reactivity to community demands, the jobs of lifting demand, entree and cost might be resolved.

As a consequence of an extended instance survey conducted on Westark College ‘s baccalaureate grade enterprise, McKee ( 2005 ) found that, among other stakeholders, Westark Community Colleges ‘ module, pupils and decision makers recognized the demand for a fabrication engineering baccalaureate grade and, through a combined attempt, successfully initiated the constitution of the fabrication engineering baccalaureate degree plan. As a consequence of the baccalaureate grade plan, harmonizing to McKee, Westark was successful in run intoing the employment demands of local fabrication companies every bit good as supplying employment chances for pupils that they may non hold otherwise received. Therefore, it is necessary to find if pupils, module and decision makers at Mississippi community colleges might profit likewise from such an enlargement.

Harmonizing to Walker ( 1997 ) , regional universities are non ever regionally, geographically or academically accessible to the multitudes. Currently, many possible baccalaureate grade campaigners are denied entree due to fiscal, geographic and academic barriers. As an increasing figure of college pupils are economically, clip and topographic point edge as a consequence of household and occupation duties, they may non be able to prosecute a baccalaureate grade through the traditional agencies of inscribing at a four-year establishment ( Fanelli, 2007 ; Smith & A ; Holcombe, 2008 ) . Furthermore, harmonizing to Walker, the lower tuition costs and convenient geographical locations offered by community colleges would suit more possible baccalaureate grade receivers.

This survey is of import because it will help in finding if the turning demands of community college pupils are presently being met in Mississippi. In add-on, this survey will offer statistical informations that may help Mississippi community college leaders in doing informed determinations sing the future way of Mississippi community colleges. Presently, there is limited literature associating to the community college baccalaureate grade and there are few surveies that have been conducted as a agency of finding the necessity of such a grade. Therefore, this survey will add to a really limited organic structure of research on a subject that is of import to the higher instruction field. Additionally, this survey will increase consciousness of the community college baccalaureate grade as cognition of this grade is non yet widespread. Another of import facet of this survey is that it will help in finding if there is a rift between module, pupils and decision makers in the kingdom of what they perceive to be of import to the educational success of Mississippi community college pupils, and if such a rift exists, assistance in finding the possible cause.

Theoretical Foundation

Many persons who have a desire to obtain a baccalaureate grade are merely unable to because their fiscal, academic or geographical quandaries create impossible barriers. Icek Ajzen ( 1991 ) proposed the Theory of Planned Behavior, which explains the links between one ‘s attitude toward a peculiar behaviour, the societal norms environing that behaviour and one ‘s control over being able to engage/participate in the behaviour. Ajzen explains that one ‘s likeliness of prosecuting in a peculiar behaviour is dependent upon three things: attitude toward the behaviour, subjective norm associating to the behaviour and sensed behavioural control. Ajzen ( 1985 ) states that if one ‘s attitude toward a peculiar behaviour is positive and the behaviour is socially accepted as positive, one will probably prosecute in that behaviour but merely if one has perceived behavioural control. Simply put, even if a individual ‘s attitude toward a peculiar behaviour is overpoweringly positive, they are merely likely to prosecute in the behaviour if they have complete control over the behaviour or, in other words, they do n’t comprehend that any peculiar barriers will forestall from prosecuting in the behaviour ( i.e. , fiscal, geographical, academic, etc… ) . In many instances, persons are denied entree to baccalaureate grades because, although they are in favour of seeking the grade, their deficiency of control over single barriers prevents them from obtaining the grade. Community college baccalaureate grade plans seek to extinguish those barriers and give persons behavioural control in the kingdom of degree attainment.

It would profit the province of Mississippi to cognize if the population that is served by Mississippi community colleges believes that implementing community college baccalaureate grade plans would be critical to guaranting baccalaureate degree attainment. Understanding the reported demand for community college baccalaureate grades is critical to understanding the way Mississippi community colleges should follow in order to keep their repute for spread outing their course of study to run into the demands of pupils and the local community. As the intent of this survey is to find the reported demand for the community college baccalaureate grade, the consequences of this survey will bespeak whether Mississippi community college pupils believe that the execution of baccalaureate grade plans at their several community colleges will increase baccalaureate degree entree. Furthermore, if the pupil attitude toward the community college baccalaureate grade is overpoweringly positive, one can be assured that it is more likely than non that the positive attitudes toward the demand for such a grade would take to enrollment in baccalaureate plans should they be implemented in the Mississippi community college system. Azjen & A ; Fishbein ‘s ( 1975 ) Theory of Reasoned Action indicates that whether or non a individual engages in a certain behaviour is dependent on the individual ‘s attitude toward the behaviour. Harmonizing to Azjen & A ; Fishbein, whether a individual will voluntarily prosecute in a peculiar behaviour can be foreseen based on whether or non the individual has a positive attitude about the behaviour. Therefore, if student attitudes toward community college baccalaureate grade plans are positive, they will probably take part in such plans if implemented. Harmonizing to Sheppard, Hartwick & A ; Warshaw ( 1998 ) , the correlativity between attitudes and behavioural purposes are highly high.

Statement of the Problem & A ; Research Questions

A significantly of import issue steering the way of this survey is entree to the baccalaureate grade. As society continues to germinate on a planetary and economic graduated table, entree to the baccalaureate grade becomes more of import. Many community college leaders believe that leting community colleges to implement baccalaureate degree plans would increase entree to the baccalaureate grade. This survey will look into whether community college pupils, module and decision makers believe that the execution of baccalaureate grade plans at their several community colleges is critical to pupil ‘s ability to obtain a baccalaureate grade. Through the distribution of study instruments it is presumed that the undermentioned research inquiries will be answered:

1 ) How cognizant are Mississippi community college decision makers, module and pupils of the community college baccalaureate grade? 2 ) How do Mississippi community college decision makers, module and pupils report the demand for the community college baccalaureate grade? 3 ) Is the pupil, module and administrative reported demand for the community college baccalaureate degree different? In what ways is it different? 4 ) Is the Mississippi community college pupil reported demand for the community college baccalaureate grade affected by race, gender, age, socioeconomic position, geographic location, distance from closest four-year establishment or household position? 5 ) Is the Mississippi community college module and administrative reported demand for the community college baccalaureate grade affected by race, old ages of experience, gender or age? 6 ) Overall, how accepting are Mississippi community college pupils, module and decision makers of the community college baccalaureate grade? 7 ) What are the attitudes of members of the State Board for Community and Junior Colleges toward community college baccalaureate grade plans?

Methodology

Research Design

The research worker will implement both the quantitative and qualitative research methods as a agency of measuring the research inquiries. The quantitative method will be applied when measuring pupils, module and decision makers. The independent variables will include College Status ( is the person a pupil, module or decision maker ) , race ( Black, White, Asian, Hispanic, Multicultural ) gender ( male or female ) , age, socioeconomic position ( income, parent ‘s educational attainment, business ) , household position ( if the person has household duties ) , geographic location ( where the single lives ) , old ages of experience ( for module and decision makers ) and distance from the closest four-year establishment. The dependent variable will be “reported need” . The qualitative method will be applied when measuring members of the State Board for Community & A ; Junior Colleges as these persons will be interviewed.

Participants

Data will be collected from pupils, module and decision makers at each of the 15 community and junior colleges in Mississippi and several employees from the State Board for Community and Junior Colleges. Survey instruments will be distributed to 50 pupils, 25 module members and 25 decision makers fromeachcommunity or junior college in Mississippi utilizing both the Cluster and Random trying techniques. With the teacher ‘s permission, pupils will be surveyed during a on a regular basis scheduled category period ( cluster sampling ) . Students from at least three different categories from each community college in Mississippi will be surveyed. The sample of pupils that are surveyed will be representative of the full establishment. The 25 module members and 25 decision makers will be indiscriminately selected from each community or junior college in Mississippi. The selected sample will have their study instruments by mail. The sample of module members and decision makers that are surveyed will be representative of module and decision makers of the full establishment.

Instrumentality

The research worker will plan two study questionnaires. Students will have one questionnaire and module and decision makers will have a different questionnaire. The research worker will reexamine literature that is pertinent to the survey as a agency of finding appropriate points to include on the study. Additionally, the research worker will enlist the aid of experts in the field as a agency of finding appropriate study points and cogency and dependability. The study points will be crafted in such a manner that responses to the study points will give replies to the research inquiries. Prior to existent execution, the study instrument will be piloted on a group of respondents that are similar to the intended mark group.

Procedure

Permission will be obtained from the Institutional Review Board ( IRB ) prior to informations aggregation.

Mentions

Ajzen, I. ( 1985 ) . From purposes to actions: A theory of planned behaviour. In Kuhl, J. & A ; Jurgen, B. ( Eds. ) .Action control: From knowledge to behavior( pp. 11-41 ) . New York: Springer-Verlag.

Ajzen, I. ( 1991 ) . The theory of planned behaviour.Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes,50, 179-211.

Ajzen, I. & A ; Fishbein, M. ( 1980 ) .Belief, attitude, purpose and behaviour: An debut to theory and research.Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Fanelli, S. A. ( 2007 ) .Bringing the community college baccalaureate into focal point.Retrieved February 18, 2009 from www.acenet.edu

McKee, J. V. ( 2005 ) . Westark ‘s work force baccalaureate. In D. L. Floyd, M. L. Skolnik & A ; K. P. Walker ( Eds. ) ,The community college baccalaureate: Emerging tendencies and policy issues( pp. 129-138 ) . Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Sheppard, B. H. , Hartwick, J. , & A ; Warshaw, P.R ( 1988 ) . The theory of reasoned action: A meta-analysis of past research with recommendations for alterations and future research.Journal of Consumer Research, 15, 325-343.

Smith, E. J, & A ; Holcombe, W. N. ( 2008 ) .Baccalaureate plans in community colleges: A plan reappraisal.Retrieved March, 2, 2009 from www.fldoe.org

Walker, K. P. ( 1997 ) . Should community colleges offer unmarried man ‘s grades?Community College Times,9 ( 21 ) , 13-18.

Young J. B. , & A ; Ewing J. M. ( 1978 ) .The Mississippi public junior college narrative: The first 50 old ages, 1922-1972.Jackson, MS: The University Press of Mississippi.

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