Colonial America Study Guide

Colonial Life – Housing
– Made of wood
– Small with one level
– Chimneys – provided warmth, center of house, fireplaces were used for cooking
– Rooms- sitting room and bedroom, dining area, there was little room, no privacy

Colonial Life – Farming
– Everybody farmed
– Males got land to farm
– Higher social status= more land
– When population grows.. land is sub divided

Colonial Life – Towns
– Were busy but small
– Merchants, Shopkeepers, Blacksmiths, Furniture makers, other craftsmen
– Provides goods for services and families
-Trade & business grew – more colonial travel
– Lots of job oppertunities – baker, wigmaker, bookbinder, bricklayer, cabinetmaker, cook , gunsmith, robe maker, etc.

Colonial Life- Medecine & Hyginene
– No doctors
– Barbers did surgeries and pulled teeth
– Had little training
– To add/subtract fluids they used snail water, licorice, wine, or flowers
– Leaches were used to get fluids out
– Chamberpots were under their bed
– Washy Washy was once a week and with a cloth and bowl of water
– Small pox, yellow fever, etc. spread easily
– 50/50 successful births
– Average life spam was 25 years

Colonial Life – Culture
– Music was everywhere- combo of different styles
– Marbles, puzzles, dominos, chess, cards were common games played
– Everything centered around the church
– Sabath was very important
– People ate veggies, meat, hasty pudding, poridge, donuts, drank tea cider

Colonial Life – Education
– Boys went to one room school
– Girls went to dame school in private house
– Schools were similar to day care
– Boys went to live with mentor in house to learn craft
– Everyone learned how to read and write
– Learning Etigutte was really important

Regional Differences- New England Colonies
– Came from England or Scotland
– New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island were the colonies in this religion
– There was poor, rocky soil but still lots of farming
– Life was difficult and primitive
– Non farmers lived in ports

Regional Differences- Middle Colonies
– Came from England
– Rich soil– Native Americans had worked soil already
– Other jobs- craftsmen, textiles, paper, glass, ship yards, iron mines
– Back countries were eastern slopes of Appalachians, rough and dangerous, more independence

Regional Differences- Southern Colonies
– Came from England, Scotland, Irish, Germany
– 35% African Slaves
– Inland– farmers
– Coastline– tide patterns– plantations
– Plantations are tabacco in bulk and rice in bulk
-Plantation set ups- mini villages, school church stables, slaves, blacksmiths, great house= owners mansion
– In the back country life was a struggle with log cabins or shacks, few schools and churches

Jamestown
– Hoped to find valuables (gold, jewelry)
– English hoped to escape the church of England
– Forced pilgrims and puritans to extricate themselves
– Found their way to a new world
– Mostly men settled in jamestown
– john smith volunteered in france while they were fighting the dutch

Pilgrims
– The pilgrims separated from church of England 1608
– They left England in 1608 and went to Netherlands
– Later immigrated to New World and settled a colony at Plymouth
– Those who wanted religious liberty for views differing from majority religious group