Cloning has become currently one of the hottest topics in society because of the laboratory-produced sheep Dolly, named after the country singer Dolly Patron. The birth of this little cloned sheep shocked society tremendously and created many controversial discussions. In the wake of this human cloning, religious leaders all over the world have condemned the action citing the reason that it is playing of god. However, we must understand that we at the Consortium that are involved in this effort are as human as anyone else.
There is almost no difference between in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and cloning, other than the fact that the source of the genetic material is slightly different. Cloning is not playing of god, rather it is a salutary act which can fulfill human needs. There are three different types for cloning: Embryo cloning, adult DNA cloning and therapeutic cloning. Embryo cloning is a medical technique which produces monozygotic twins or triplets.
Adult DNA cloning is a technique which is intended to produce a duplicate of an existing animal and therapeutic cloning is a procedure that starts off like adult DNA cloning. Generally, when people hear the term ‘cloning’, the first thing come to their mind is the creation of human monsters or armies of superhuman soldiers. However, reality of cloning is quite different. Experiment of cloning on human is specifically forbidden by law in many countries, so there is no need to worry about resuscitation of ghastly creatures like Frankenstein.
In brief, people do not trust scientists for many reasons. Looking back in science in the past, this distrust is totally understandable and logical. As an example, people think about atomic energy and above all the resulting atomic bomb. Scientists did not intended to make atomic bomb from the beginning and surely it would not have been god’s will to make these lethargic weapons. Atomic energy could have been a very useful source of energy if it were used properly. Often people’s repugnance, including many Christians and Catholics, is because of lack of knowledge.
In other words, the average person does not know much about research and also does not fully understand it. Moreover, people are easily influenced by the possibility of cloning’s misuses and abuses. However, similar to atomic energy, if cloning is used and treated with a careful manner, it can bring many advantages to our lives. Nowadays, thousands of people are suffering from Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. With the progress of cloning, we can find the cure for these diseases.
Researchers could learn what causes a cell to differentiate, from cloning. In addition, they could solve the riddle of aging cells and, therefore, prevent normal, healthy cells from changing to cancer cells. Genzyme Transgenics Corporation already has created more than a dozen proteins in transgenic animals, which scientists humanized by injecting human genes, with success. These substances are useful for treating blood clots, multiple sclerosis, crystic fibrosis, heart attacks, AIDs, diabetes, some forms of cancer and other diseases.
As cloning grows closer to becoming a realistic reproductive option, more and more voices will undoubtedly join the debate which it has generated. While many have expressed vehement opposition to cloning on religious and ethical grounds, compelling arguments can be made on science and medical grounds. Knowledge of the genetic identity of human beings – discovered by the Human Genome Project – gives us knowledge of the “Holy Grail” of life. It also provides the potential for genetic engineering – to engineer diseases out of, and to add enhancement into human life.
Additionally, the unbelievable discoveries of the neurogenesis of brain cells in adults, cloning, progress on artificial organs, and the creation of embryonic and adult stem cell lines for therapy multiplied the chances to cure for the diseases of human that has never been possible before. Cloning is not man playing god. If it is used properly, that might be the gods will. Hence, with the fortification of the law banning some extreme experiments on human, cloning can become a profitable discovery for both human, society and god.