Church history study guide

The apologists
Church fathers that defended christian faith against heresies/misunderstanding

Palestine
Name given by the romans to the land of israel in order in order to destroy any memory of the jewish people in the region

Apocrypha
Collection of jewish books written during the time between the OT and NT

Polycarp
disciple of the apostle John who was one of the first martyrs

catholic
term that refers to the church at large, meaning universal

Irenaus
Father of theology

70 AD
temple was destroyed

65-68 AD
span of years believed to be when Paul and Peter were martyred

bishop
name given to church leaders that oversee believers in a certain area

cannon of scriptures
name given to the writings considered to be authoritative scriptures

God Fearers
name used in the NT to describe Gentiles that were converting to Judaism

theology
rational thinking or study about God

Pharisees
jewish party of the populace

Josephus
jewish historian that recorded church history during the first century

Justin Martyr
most famous Christian apologist of the second century

Heresies
false teachings or doctrines

Donatus- Donatism
disagreement over whether to allow christians that denied jesus back in the church

Apostles creed
early example of orthodox Christian beliefs usually confessed at baptism

cannon
word that means rule, or standard of measurement

Constantine
roman emperor that ended Christian persecution after victory in battle credited to a revelation of jesus Christ

Athiest
common name for Christians due to lack of belief in many gods

Stephen
first martyr of the church

emperor Nero
roman emperor that blamed Christians for the fire that destroyed the city of rome

Martyrs
Christians that died for their faith

apostolic Fathers
Clement of Rome, Ignatius of Antioch, Polycarp

Athanasius
first to officially list the current 27 books of the NT in 367 AD

The Zealots
radical Jewish faction that attacked Romans

Septuagint
greek translation of the OT

Marcion
heretic that believed the OT god was different from the father or Jesus

Gnosticism
taught that jesus was a spirit but not a man. They valued secret knowledge and believed that the spiritual is good and the material is bad

Origen
early church theologian that dictated to 7 scribes at a time, producing many writings, including the Hexapla

Montanism
claimed a new age of the spirit had begun

Tertullion of Carthage
Father of Latin Theology

Lapsed
term for Christians who denied the faith

Hellenism
spreading of Greek culture

Cyprian of Carthage
sought balance for the lapsed that wanted to repent

Emperor Diocletian
Emperor who divided the roman empire

Alexander the great
considered the apostle to the Hellenistic world