Church history study guide

The apologists
Church fathers that defended christian faith against heresies/misunderstanding
Palestine
Name given by the romans to the land of israel in order in order to destroy any memory of the jewish people in the region
Apocrypha
Collection of jewish books written during the time between the OT and NT
Polycarp
disciple of the apostle John who was one of the first martyrs
catholic
term that refers to the church at large, meaning universal
Irenaus
Father of theology
70 AD
temple was destroyed
65-68 AD
span of years believed to be when Paul and Peter were martyred
bishop
name given to church leaders that oversee believers in a certain area
cannon of scriptures
name given to the writings considered to be authoritative scriptures
God Fearers
name used in the NT to describe Gentiles that were converting to Judaism
theology
rational thinking or study about God
Pharisees
jewish party of the populace
Josephus
jewish historian that recorded church history during the first century
Justin Martyr
most famous Christian apologist of the second century
Heresies
false teachings or doctrines
Donatus- Donatism
disagreement over whether to allow christians that denied jesus back in the church
Apostles creed
early example of orthodox Christian beliefs usually confessed at baptism
cannon
word that means rule, or standard of measurement
Constantine
roman emperor that ended Christian persecution after victory in battle credited to a revelation of jesus Christ
Athiest
common name for Christians due to lack of belief in many gods
Stephen
first martyr of the church
emperor Nero
roman emperor that blamed Christians for the fire that destroyed the city of rome
Martyrs
Christians that died for their faith
apostolic Fathers
Clement of Rome, Ignatius of Antioch, Polycarp
Athanasius
first to officially list the current 27 books of the NT in 367 AD
The Zealots
radical Jewish faction that attacked Romans
Septuagint
greek translation of the OT
Marcion
heretic that believed the OT god was different from the father or Jesus
Gnosticism
taught that jesus was a spirit but not a man. They valued secret knowledge and believed that the spiritual is good and the material is bad
Origen
early church theologian that dictated to 7 scribes at a time, producing many writings, including the Hexapla
Montanism
claimed a new age of the spirit had begun
Tertullion of Carthage
Father of Latin Theology
Lapsed
term for Christians who denied the faith
Hellenism
spreading of Greek culture
Cyprian of Carthage
sought balance for the lapsed that wanted to repent
Emperor Diocletian
Emperor who divided the roman empire
Alexander the great
considered the apostle to the Hellenistic world