Chp 24 Essay – Darwin/Freud Challenge to Enlightenment

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Thesis
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Both Charles Darwin and Sigmund Freud were characterized for challenging previous Enlightenment thinking, through their theories of evolution, explanation of rationalization and new perspectives of scientific thought.
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Original Enlightenment thoughts-
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-no idea of evolution -assumed humans transcended animals -Human behavior constant, unique, special -reason is the path to truth -Humans above all -divine power created the world and its species
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Charles Darwin-
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-Humans evolve over time -idea of evolution shattered the church -brought about new perspective of scientific thought -Animals are no less than people -On the Origin of Species -Natural Selection -Social Darwinism -The Decent Of Man
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Sigmund Freud-
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-id, ego, & super ego -taking into account human desire, pleasure, & morality -combination of all 3 lead to a healthy mind -challenged idea that logic and reason were superior to emotion and passion -The Interpretation of Dreams -Oedipus complex (infant’s craving for the possession of the parent of opposite sex)

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