Chemistry Chpt 9 Flashcard

Acids
An acid is a chemical species that donates protons or hydrogen ions and/or accepts electrons.
Alkane
An alkane is a hydrocarbon containing only single carbon-carbon bonds.
Binary Ionic Compound
A binary compound is a chemical compound that contains exactly two different elements.
Bond
a link between atoms in molecules and between ions and molecules in crystals
Chemical Formula
An expression which states the number and type of atoms present in a molecule of a substance.
Chemical Name
A chemical nomenclature is a set of rules to generate systematic names for chemical compounds.
Diatomic
Diatomic refers to a molecule containing only two atoms.
Covalent Bond
A covalent bond is a chemical link between two atoms in which electrons are shared between them.
Covalent Compound
a molecule formed by covalent bonds, in which the atoms share one or more pairs of valence electrons
Compound
A compound is a chemical species that is formed when two or more atoms join together chemically, with covalent or ionic bonds.
Formula Unit
A formula unit in chemistry is the empirical formula of any ionic or covalent network solid compound used as an independent entity for stoichiometric calculations.
Formula Mass
The formula mass of a molecule is the sum of the atomic weights of the atoms in the empirical formula of the compound.
Hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon is a substance consisting only of carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Inorgranic
not consisting of or deriving from living matter.
Ionic Bond
An ionic bond is a chemical link between two atoms caused by the electrostatic force between oppositely-charged ions in an ionic compound.
Ion/Ionic
pertaining to something carrying a net electrical charge, as an ionic bond or ionic compound.
Molecular/Molecule
a molecule refers to two or more atoms which have chemically combined to form a single species.
Molecular Compound
a compound regarded as a union of molecules retaining their identities.
Monatomic Ion
A monatomic ion is an ion formed from a single atom.
Organic
of, relating to, or derived from living matter.
Polyatomic Ion
A polyatomic ion is an ion comprised of two or more atoms.
Subscript
(of a letter, figure, or symbol) written or printed below the line.
Tertiary
third in order or level.

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