Chemistry (Acids and Bases) Flashcard

HCl (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Acid – Hydrochloric Acid
Anion – Cl⁻ – Chloride Ion
HBr (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Acid – Hydrobromic Acid
Anion – Br⁻ – Bromide Ion
HI (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Acid – Hydroiodic Acid
Anion – I⁻ – Iodide Ion
HNO₃ (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Acid – Nitric Acid
Anion – NO₃⁻ – Nitrate Ion
HClO₄ (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Acid – Perchloric Acid
Anion – ClO₄⁻ – Perchlorate Ion
HClO₃ (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Acid – Chloric Acid
Anion – ClO₃⁻ – Chlorate Ion
H₂SO₄ (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Acid – Sulfuric Acid
Anion – SO₄²⁻ (sulfate ion) and HSO₄⁻ (hydrogen sulfate ion)
HF (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Weak Acid – Hydrofluoric Acid
Anion – F⁻ – Fluoride Ion
CH₃COOH (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Weak Acid – Acetic Acid
Anion – CH₃COO⁻ – Acetate Ion
HCN (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Weak Acid – Hydrocyanic Acid
Anion – CN⁻ – Cyanide Ion
HNO₂ (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Weak Acid – Nitrous Acid
Anion – NO₂⁻ – Nitrite Ion
H₂CO₃ (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Weak Acid – Carbonic Acid
Anion – CO₃²⁻ (carbonate ion) and HCO₃⁻ (hydrogen carbonate ion)
H₂SO₃ (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Weak Acid – Sulfurous Acid
Anion – SO₃²⁻ (sulfite ion) and HSO₃⁻ (hydrogen sulfite ion)
H₃PO₄ (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Weak Acid – Phosphoric Acid
Anion – PO₄³⁻ (phosphate ion), HPO₄²⁻ (hydrogen phosphate ion), and H₂PO₄⁻ (dihydrogen phosphate ion)
(COOH)₂ (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Weak Acid- Oxalic Acid
Anion – H(COO)₂⁻ (hydrogen oxalate ion) and (COO)₂²⁻ (oxalate ion)
LiOH (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Base – Lithium Hydroxide
Anion – OH⁻ – Hydroxide Ion
NaOH (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Base – Sodium Hydroxide
Anion – OH⁻ – Hydroxide Ion
KOH (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Base – Potassium Hydroxide
Anion – OH⁻ – Hydroxide Ion
RbOH (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Base – Rubidium Hydroxide
Anion – OH⁻ – Hydroxide Ion
CsOH (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Base – Cesium Hydroxide
Anion – OH⁻ – Hydroxide Ion
Ca(OH)₂ (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Base – Calcium Hydroxide
Anion – OH⁻ – Hydroxide Ion
Sr(OH)₂ (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Base – Strontium Hydroxide
Anion – OH⁻ – Hydroxide Ion
Ba(OH)₂ (Type, Name, Anion)
Common Strong Base – Barium Hydroxide
Anion – OH⁻ – Hydroxide Ion
NH₃ (Type, Name, Anion)
Weak Base – Ammonia – OH⁻ and NH₄⁺
N₂H₄
Weak Base – Hydrazine
C₅H₅N
Weak Base – Pyridine
(CH₃)NH₂
Weak Base – Methylamine
(CH₃)₂NH
Weak Base – Dimethylamine
(CH₃)₃N
Weak Base – Trimethylamine

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member