Chemistry: 5 types of reactions

what are the 5 types of reactions in chemistry
synthesis, decomposition, single replacement, double replacement and, combustion of a hydro carbon
how would you identify that a reaction is a synthesis reaction
1. only one product
2. 2 elements come together
what is the general formula for a synthesis reaction
A + X → AX
how many different types of decomposition reactions are there
5
in a decomposition reaction a binary compound would break down into what
break down into the original elements
what is the general formula for a decomposition reaction with binary compounds
AX → A+ X
in a decompoistiton reaction involving chlorates what would it break down into
breaks down into a metal chloride and oxygen
what is the general formula for a decomp. reaction involving a chlorate
metal chlorate→ metal chloride + 0₂
what is the product of a decomposition reaction involving carbonate
metal oxide and carbon dioxide
what is the general formula for a decomposition reaction involving a carbonate
metal carbonate→ metal oxide + CO₂
what are the products of a decomposition reaction involving a hydroxide
metal oxide and water
what is the Gen. Form. of a decomp. react.
metal hydroxide→ metal oxide + water
what is the product of a decomp. react. involving oxyacids
nonmetal oxide + water
what is the gen. form. of a decomp. react. involving an oxyacid
acid → nonmetal oxide + water
how would you identify a single replacement reaction
the product side would have an element + compound
what wil hapen if the lone element is a metal
it will preplace the metal in the compound
what will happen if the lone element is a non metal
it will replace the non metal in the compound
in a single replacement reaction if the metal is very reactive and is reacting with water what will happen
metal hydroxide + hydrogen
how would you identify a double replacement reaction
two compounds are on the reactant side
what is the general formula of double replacement reaction
AX + BY → AY + BX
how would you identify the combustion of a hydro carbon
hydrocarbon plus oxygen on the reactant side
what product do all combustions of hydrocarbons have
carbon dioxide and water
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