What factors affect solution formation?
nature of solvent and solute, stirring, temperature and surface area
What are two types of agitation?
stirring and shaking
Does agitation affect the amount of solute that dissolves?
_____influences the rate of solute dissolving.
Why do fine powders dissolve more rapidly than larger cyrstals?
they have more surface area exposed to solvent
A______contains the maximum amount of solute for a given amount of solvent at a constant temperature.
saturated solution
______is the amount that dissolves in a given quantity of solvent at a given temperature to produce a saturated solution
Two liquids that dissolve in each other are called_____.
If two liquids are partially soluble, what are they called?
partially miscible
If two liquids do not dissolve in each other, what are they called?
For most solids when does solubility increase?
with increasing temperature of the solvent
For gases when does solubility decrease?
when temperature increases
According to Henry’s law, solubility of a gas in a liquid is directly proportional to ______.
When does solubility of a gas dissolving in a liquid increase?
when the pressure above the liquid increases
What is another word for molarity?
molar concentration
_____make solutions less concentrated.
What are two common percent solutions?
percent by volume and percent by mass
If the solvent and solute are both liquids, then _______is often used.
percent by volume
What is a supersaturated solution?
a solution that contains more solute than it should at that temperature
______depend only on the number of particles dissolved in a given mass of solvent.
colligative properties


What are three important colligative properties?

vapor pressure lowering, boiling point elevation, and freezing point depression
The vapor pressure of a solution is always_____than the vapor pressure of pure solvent.
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