Chapter 8 emotional and social development of infant

Emotional development
The process of learning to recognize and express feelings to establish a personal identity being at birth

What is a part of a babies emotional development
Crying

Most important influence on emotional development
i. Bond between caregiver and child
ii. Child temperament
iii. atmosphere at home

Ways to comfort for a Baby (short answer)
A.cuddling
B.move the baby
C.singing
D.offering a toy
E.massage

Three types of temperament
1)easy
2)Diffcult
3)slow to warm up

Self comforting
Sucking on a thumb
Using pacifier

Reflux
A condition in which partially of digested food rises in the throat

Colic
Uncontrollable crying by an otherwise healthy baby

Attachment
A baby bond to main caregiver the way A caregiver response to and interacts with the baby is a key factor of attachment

Healthy ways attachment help babies to develop
i. Trust
ii. Self-esteem
iii. Social and emotional skills

Help build _____,_____ _______ later in life
Healthy, loving relationship

Failure to thrive
Baby doesn’t grown and develop properly
-do not respond to people and objects
-caused by neglect, abuse or stress

Temperament
A person’s unique emotional make up determines how a person react to environment

Caregivers must
Adapt their response to a child’s temperament

Social development
Closely related to emotional development

Learning throught cause-and-effect
Babies learn cause-and-effect and through imitation

Stranger anxiety
A feeling of unfamiliar people usually expressed by crying (6-8 months)

Separation anxiety
Began to 8-9 months ends between 12-24 months fear of being away parents familiar caregiver normal environment

Persistence
Less persistent children can be persuaded to move on to new activities they can accept no for an answer

Adaptability
Highly acceptable children are not bothered by surprises or changes less unacceptable children resist change

Approach
High approach children dive right in these children are open to new activities and willing to try new foods low-approach children are more shy and cautious