Chapter 8 emotional and social development of infant

Emotional development
The process of learning to recognize and express feelings to establish a personal identity being at birth
What is a part of a babies emotional development
Crying
Most important influence on emotional development
i. Bond between caregiver and child
ii. Child temperament
iii. atmosphere at home
Ways to comfort for a Baby (short answer)
A.cuddling
B.move the baby
C.singing
D.offering a toy
E.massage
Three types of temperament
1)easy
2)Diffcult
3)slow to warm up
Self comforting
Sucking on a thumb
Using pacifier
Reflux
A condition in which partially of digested food rises in the throat
Colic
Uncontrollable crying by an otherwise healthy baby
Attachment
A baby bond to main caregiver the way A caregiver response to and interacts with the baby is a key factor of attachment
Healthy ways attachment help babies to develop
i. Trust
ii. Self-esteem
iii. Social and emotional skills
Help build _____,_____ _______ later in life
Healthy, loving relationship
Failure to thrive
Baby doesn’t grown and develop properly
-do not respond to people and objects
-caused by neglect, abuse or stress
Temperament
A person’s unique emotional make up determines how a person react to environment
Caregivers must
Adapt their response to a child’s temperament
Social development
Closely related to emotional development
Learning throught cause-and-effect
Babies learn cause-and-effect and through imitation
Stranger anxiety
A feeling of unfamiliar people usually expressed by crying (6-8 months)
Separation anxiety
Began to 8-9 months ends between 12-24 months fear of being away parents familiar caregiver normal environment
Persistence
Less persistent children can be persuaded to move on to new activities they can accept no for an answer
Adaptability
Highly acceptable children are not bothered by surprises or changes less unacceptable children resist change
Approach
High approach children dive right in these children are open to new activities and willing to try new foods low-approach children are more shy and cautious