Chapter 6 Section 3

martial law
another name for military rule
Missouri
this state did not secede from the Union
Fort Sumter
place where the first shots of the Civil War were fired
Confederacy
was also known as the Confederate States of America
Richmond, Virginia
state where the Confederate capital was established
Jefferson Davis
was chosen as president of the Confederate States of America
South Carolina
the dissolution of the Union began with the secession of this state
Republicans
were blamed by many Southern newspapers and politicians for John Brown’s raid
Frederick Douglas
believed that the pathway from slavery to freedom consisted of the changes in an enslaved person’s life brought about by education
Southerners
feared that if the young Douglass learned to read, then he would no longer be mentally content to accept his enslaved status
seceding states
after South Carolina voted to dissolve its ties to the Union, the states of Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Florida, and Texas also voted to secede
John C. Breckinridge
of Kentucky was nominated as a candidate for president by the Southerners who had organized their own nominating convention in Richmond
Baltimore, Maryland
city where President Lincoln imposed martial law so that anyone supporting secession could be arrested and held without trial
James Buchanon
was president prior to Abraham Lincoln’s inauguration and was responsible for the initial response of the United States to secession
Confederate Constitution
acknowledged the independence of each state, guaranteed slavery in Confederate territory, banned protective tariffs, and limited the president to a single six-year term
Crittenden’s Compromise
name given by newspapers to a series of amendments to the Constitution that was proposed by Senator John J. Crittenden of Kentucky -proposed to extend the Missouri Compromise line and allow slavery south of it
Abraham Lincoln
wanted to prevent Maryland from seceding, because if it did, Washington, D.C., would be surrounded by Confederate territory -in his inaugural speech, Lincoln repeated his commitment not to interfere with slavery where it already existed
Constitution Union Party
took no position on the issue of dividing North and South; their purpose was to uphold both the Constitution and the Union
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