Chapter 6 key terms

Ascites:
An accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Carcinoma of the gallbladder:
Neoplasm within the gallbladder, usually malignant
Cholecystitis:
An acute inflammation of the gallbladder most frequently caused by obstruction
Cholelithiasis:
The presence of gallstones
Cirrhosis:
Liver condition in which the parenchyma and architecture are destroyed and replaced by fibrous tissue and regenerative nodules
Fatty liver:
A buildup of lipids that are deposited in the liver tissue
Gallstone ileus:
A condition in which gallstones erode from the gallbladder, creating a fistula to the small bowel that may cause a bowel obstruction
Hemangioma:
A benign tumor of dilated blood vessels
Hepatitis:
An inflammation of the liver resulting from a variety of causes
Hepatocellular adenoma:
A benign tumor of the liver most frequently associated with oral contraceptives
Hepatocellular carcinoma:
A primary malignant tumor of the liver
Hepatomegaly:
Enlargement of the liver as might be seen with viral hepatitis
Jaundice:

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class="hw-flex-item">Yellowish discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by bilirubin accumulation in the body tissues
Medical jaundice:
Jaundice that results from hemolytic disease, in which excessive amounts of red blood cells are destroyed, or when the liver is damaged as a result of cirrhosis or hepatitis
Metastatic liver disease:
The spread of cancer cells to the liver from a remote site
Pancreatic cancer:
Neoplastic disease of the pancreas and the fifth most common cause of cancer death within the United States
Pancreatitis:
Acute or chronic, asymptomatic or symptomatic, inflammation of the pancreas caused by autodigestion by pancreatic enzymes
Pseudocyst:
An abnormal or displaced space resembling a cyst
Surgical jaundice:
Jaundice that occurs as a result of biliary system blockage, which prevents bile from entering the duodenum
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