Chapter 6 key terms

An accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Carcinoma of the gallbladder:
Neoplasm within the gallbladder, usually malignant
An acute inflammation of the gallbladder most frequently caused by obstruction
The presence of gallstones
Liver condition in which the parenchyma and architecture are destroyed and replaced by fibrous tissue and regenerative nodules
Fatty liver:
A buildup of lipids that are deposited in the liver tissue
Gallstone ileus:
A condition in which gallstones erode from the gallbladder, creating a fistula to the small bowel that may cause a bowel obstruction
A benign tumor of dilated blood vessels
An inflammation of the liver resulting from a variety of causes
Hepatocellular adenoma:
A benign tumor of the liver most frequently associated with oral contraceptives
Hepatocellular carcinoma:
A primary malignant tumor of the liver
Enlargement of the liver as might be seen with viral hepatitis

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class="hw-flex-item">Yellowish discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by bilirubin accumulation in the body tissues
Medical jaundice:
Jaundice that results from hemolytic disease, in which excessive amounts of red blood cells are destroyed, or when the liver is damaged as a result of cirrhosis or hepatitis
Metastatic liver disease:
The spread of cancer cells to the liver from a remote site
Pancreatic cancer:
Neoplastic disease of the pancreas and the fifth most common cause of cancer death within the United States
Acute or chronic, asymptomatic or symptomatic, inflammation of the pancreas caused by autodigestion by pancreatic enzymes
An abnormal or displaced space resembling a cyst
Surgical jaundice:
Jaundice that occurs as a result of biliary system blockage, which prevents bile from entering the duodenum
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