Chapter 4 Set Research Methods
This is important to Psychology because it outlines exactly what is not ethical or moral for researchers. We now have a set of guidelines preventing any research participant from coming to harm in the way they did in this experiment.
2. The participants were harmed. They were not told about a treatment for the disease that, in later years of the study, could be easily cured.
3. The researchers targeted a disadvantaged social group. All of the men in the study were poor and African American.
2.) There were lasting effects of the study. Some participants were dramatically affected by learning that they were willing to harm another human being, simply because someone in authority told them to do it.
Milgram defended this by stating that most of the participants had stated they learned something valuable about themselves. Months later most were not suffering and still believed that they had learned something valuable and important.
2. fidelity and responsibility
5. respect for people’s rights and dignity
This includes at least 5 people who come from specified backgrounds. At least one member must be a scientist, one has to have academic interests outside the sciences, and one should be a community member who has no ties to the institution.
Question 5 options:
Fidelity and Responsibility
Respect for People’s Rights and Dignity
Question 7 options:
the pain of the electrical shocks experienced by the learners and the stress experienced by the teachers
the stress experienced by the teachers and the lasting effects of the study on the teachers
the distress felt by the experimenter who had to order the teacher to shock the learner and the pain of the electric shocks experienced by the learners
targeting of a disadvantaged group and the disrespectful treatment of participants
Question 10 options:
Offering Inducements for Research Participation
Informed Consent for Recording Voices and Images in Research
Also, an answer not listed might be deception in research.
Psychologists do not conduct a study involving deception unless they have determined that the use of deceptive techniques is justified by the study’s significant prospective scientific, educational, or applied value and that effective nondeceptive alternative procedures are not feasible.
Psychologists explain any deception that is an integral feature of the design and conduct of an experiment to participants as early as is feasible, preferably at the conclusion of their participation, but no later than at the conclusion of the data collection, and permit participants to withdraw their data.
Debriefing may also be an answer here (if not for the last sentence)
Psychologists provide a prompt opportunity for participants to obtain appropriate information about the nature, results, and conclusions of the research, and they take reasonable steps to correct any misconceptions that participants may have of which the psychologists are aware.
deception through commission
a clear violation of the APA principles
deception through omission
a violation of federal guidelines
beneficence and nonmaleficence
fidelity and responsibility
respect for people’s rights and dignity
Reporting of Research Results
Sharing Research Data for Verification
Deception In Research
respect for persons