Chapter 4 Post Test

“Fighting words” fall outside constitutional protection because they
directly incite violence.
Civil liberties are
limitations on government action.
Eminent domain is the power of government to
take private property for public use.
In 2008, the U.S. Supreme Court declared that the Second Amendment protects
an individual’s right to possess a firearm for self-defense.
In Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), the Supreme Court ruled that Michigan Law School’s affirmative action policy was
constitutional, since race was used in a holistic and individualized way and not as a quota.
Segregation or discriminatory practices that occur even when there is no explicit legal enforcement, such as school segregation in much of the United States today, is called ____ segregation.
de facto
Selective incorporation
considers the provisions of the Bill of Rights one by one and selectively applies them as limits on the states through the Fourteenth Amendment.
Speech that is accompanied by conduct and that can be regulated by the government to preserve public order is called
speech plus.
The Bill of Rights consists of
the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 addressed discrimination in, among other things,
public accommodations and employment.
The Supreme Court ruled in Lawrence v. Texas that the right to privacy
extends to gay and lesbian citizens.
The exclusionary rule is illustrated by which Supreme Court case?
Mapp v. Ohio
The free exercise clause protects
the right to believe in and practice one’s religion of choice.
The idea of the separation of church and state is most closely associated with the
establishment clause.
The most dramatic restraint imposed on police by the Bill of Rights, which can free those people who are known to have committed the crime of which they have been accused, is the
exclusionary rule.
The right of the people “to keep and bear Arms” is based on
participation in state militias.
What was the result of the 2007 Supreme Court ruling in Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1?
The measures that can be used to promote school integration were limited.
Which Supreme Court case first restricted the use of racial quotas in university admissions?
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
Which of the following cases served essentially as the Brown v. Board of Education for lesbians and gay men?
Romer v. Evans
Which of the following is established by the Fifth Amendment?
The courts cannot hold trials for serious offenses without provision for a grand jury.
Which of the following is true of the Supreme Court’s treatment of student speech?
It has allowed limitations on student free speech depending on the content of the speech.
Which of the following statements about the death penalty is accurate?
The United States is the only Western nation that still executes criminals.
Which of the following statements about the efforts to pass an Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) is accurate?
The amendment passed Congress easily, but fell three states short of the requirement for ratification by the deadline.
____ liberties place restraints on how government is supposed to act, while ____ liberties limit what the government has the power to do.
Procedural; substantive

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