Chapter 26 Bio 2 practice quiz

The classification of species based on evolutionary relationships is:
A. taxonomy
B. cladistics
C. systematics
D. phylogeny
B. cladistics

The lung is a type of respiratory organ. The lung is a(n) ____ and a respiratory organ is a _____.
A. character; character state
B. character state; character
C. analogous trait; homologous trait
D. shared primitive character; shared derived character
B. character state; character

Once species have been selected, what is the next step of cladistic analysis?
A. Determine the polarity of character states.
B. Construct a cladogram.
C. Provide a root to the phylogenetic tree by choosing a noncontroversial outgroup.
D. Use the principle of parsimony.
E. Choose characters for comparing the species.
E. Choose characters for comparing the species

Which of the following are at the classification level of domain in the taxonomic hierarchy?

In the taxonomic hierarchy, the red-winged blackbird belongs to the following taxonomic groups: What is the name of this bird Binomial nomenclature
Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Icteridae
Genus: Agelaius
Species: phoeniceus
Agelaius phoeniceus

The domain Eukarya formerly consisted of four kingdoms called
Protista,Fungi,Plantae, and Animalia

The study of biological diversity based on evolutionary relationships is
A. paleontology.
B. evolution.
C. systematics.
D. phylogeny.
E. both a and b.
C. systematics.

Which of the following is the correct order of the taxa used to classify organisms?
A. kingdom, domain, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
B. domain, kingdom, class, phylum, order, family, genus, species
C. domain, kingdom, phylum, class, family, order, genus, species
D. domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
E. kingdom, domain, phylum, order, class, family, species, genus
D. domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species

When considering organisms within the same taxon, which level includes organisms with the greatest similarity?
A. kingdom
B. class
C. order
D. family
E. genus
E. genus

The branch points or nodes in a phylogenetic tree depict which of the following?
A. anagenesis
B. cladogenesis
C. horizontal gene transfer
D. a and b only
E. b and c only
B. cladogenesis

The evolutionary history of a species is its
A. systematics.
B. taxonomy.
C. evolution.
D. phylogeny.
D. phylogeny.

A taxon composed of all species derived from a common ancestor is referred to as
a phylum.
a monophyletic group or clade.
a genus.
an outgroup.
all of the above.
a monophyletic group or clade.

A goal of modern taxonomy is to
classify all organisms based on morphological similarities.
classify all organisms in monophyletic groups.
classify all organisms based solely on genetic similarities.
determine the evolutionary relationships only between similar species.
none of the above
classify all organisms in monophyletic groups.

The concept that the preferred hypothesis is the one that is the simplest is
the principle of parsimony.
maximum likelihood.
both b and d.
the principle of parsimony

Research indicates that horizontal gene transfer is less prevalent in eukaryotes because of
the presence of organelles.
sexual reproduction.
all of the above.
b and c only.
b and c only. (multicellularity. sexual reproduction.)