Chapter 21 Absolutism

Question Answer
where did the massacre accure ? Boston
who is Henry of Navarre? King of Navarre 1572-1610
What is the Edict of Nantes? granted freedom of worship
what was the result of the war of Spanish succession? france and spain were not allowed to unite; britain gained gibraltar; austrian hapsburgs took spanish netherlands
To what extent did anti-protestantism contribute to louis's downfall? canceling the Edict of Nantes cost France many skilled workers, and wars against Protestant countries damaged the French economy
what is skeptism ? a skeptical attitude; doubt as to the truth of something.
what impact did the french religious wars have on french thinkers? French thinkers began to express an attitude of doubt toward churches that claimed to have the only correct set of doctrines.
how did colbert intend to stimulate economic growth in France? Colbert believed in the theory of Mercantilism. To prevent wealth from leaving the country, Colbert tried to make France self-sufficient.
why did absolute monarchs believe that they were justified in exercising absolute power? …Because they believed in divine right – God created monarchy and monarch acted as God's representative.
How does a constitutional monarchy differ from an absolute monarchy? In an absolute monarchy, the monarch holds the supreme or absolute powers, whereas in the constitutional monarchy, the head of state is a hereditary or elected monarch.
What did Cromwell's rule have in common with an absolute monarchy? He abolished the monarchy and the house of lords. He sent home the remaining members of Parliament.
Who said I am the state? Louis XIV
Who was known as sun King? Louis XIV
What was the cause of War of Spanish succession? King of Spain died without heir and promised throne to Louis XIV grandson, two greatest powers in Europe being ruled by French bourbons
what was the cabinet? A group of government ministers or officials

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