Chapter 2 Public Speaking

What is ethics? Why is a strong sense of ethical responsibility vital for public speakers?
1. Ethics- the branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs
2. A strong sense of ethical responsibility is important because public speaking is power.

What are five guidelines for ethical speech making discussed in this chapter?
1. Make sure your goals are ethically sound
2. Be fully prepared for each speech
3. Be honest in what you say
4. Avoid name-calling and other forms of abusive language
5. Put ethical principles into practice at all times

What is the difference between global and patchwork plagiarism? What are the best ways to avoid these two kinds of plagiarism?
1. Global plagiarism- stealing speech entirely from a single source and passing it off as one’s own
Patchwork plagiarism- stealing ideas or language from two or three sources and passing them off as one’s own
2. The best way to avoid these is by not putting off your speech until the last minute.

What is incremental plagiarism? How can you steer clear of it when dealing with quotations and paraphrases?
1. Incremental plagiarism- failing to give credit for particular parts of a speech that are borrowed from other people
2. Ways to prevent:
A) Distinguish notes from direct quotes, paraphrased material, and your own comments.
B) When in doubt, cite your source.

What are three guidelines for ethical listening discussed in this chapter?
1. Listen courteously and attentively
2. Avoid prejudging the speaker
3. Support the free and open expressions of ideas