Chapter 16

Question Answer
Caravel A light, fast sailing ship with a rudder and lateen sails
Henry the Navigator Son of King John l of Portugal, patron and supporter of explorers
Vasco da Gama Portuguese explorer who traveled to Calicut, India in 1497
Christopher Columbus Italian sailor who traveled west to reach China but discovered islands in the Caribbean instead
Ferdinand Magellan First explorer to attempt the circumnavigate the globe while he was killed on the way, some of his sailors completed the journey
Circumnavigate traveled completely around the world
Sir Francis Drake English explorer, second man to circumnavigate the globe
Henry Hudson Dutch sailor who looked unsuccessfully for the Northwest Passage and explored the river that is now named after him
Encomienda Spanish system in which a colonist received land and Native American workers whom he required to teach Christianity
Hernan Cortes Spanish explorer and conqueror of Mexico?s Aztec empire
Moctezuma ll Spanish term for conqueror ; name for Spanish military leaders who fought against the native peoples of the Americans
Francisco Pizarro Aztec empire at the time of Cortes?s conquest of Mexico
Atahulpa Ruler of Inca Empire killed by the Spanish invaders led by Pizarro
Viceroys officials who ruled large areas of Spain?s American colonies in the king?s name
Bartolome de Las Casas Spanish priest who criticized treatment of Native Americans, suggesting that slaves from Africa be used as laborers instead
Treaty of Tordesillas Treaty signed in 1493 dividing the Americans between Spain and Portugal along an imaginary line
Columbian Exchange traveled completely around the world
Mercantilism Spanish system in which a colonist received land and Native American workers whom he required to teach Christianity
Balance of trade Aztec empire at the time of Cortes?s conquest of Mexico
Subsidies Dutch sailor who looked unsuccessfully for the Northwest Passage and explored the river that is now named after him
Capitalism Spanish priest who criticized treatment of Native Americans, suggesting that slaves from Africa be used as laborers instead
Joint-stock company Treaty signed in 1493 dividing the Americans between Spain and Portugal along an imaginary line
Plantation Ruler of Inca Empire killed by the Spanish invaders led by Pizarro
Triangular trade Spanish priest who criticized treatment of Native Americans, suggesting that slaves from Africa be used as laborers instead
Middle Passage Italian sailor who traveled west to reach China but discovered islands in the Caribbean instead
Olaudah Equiano African who wrote about the horrific conditions Africans endured on Middle passage voyages
African Dispora First explorer to attempt the circumnavigate the globe while he was killed on the way, some of his sailors completed the journey
Caravel Spanish priest who criticized treatment of Native Americans, suggesting that slaves from Africa be used as laborers instead
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