Chemistry Chapter 14 Definitions Flashcard

Binary Acid
is an acid that contains only two different elements; hydrogen and one of the more electronegative elements
Oxyacid
is an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third element, usually nonmetal.
Arrhenius Acid
is a chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydrogen ions, H+ in aqueous solution.
Arrhenius Base
is a substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions, OH-, in aqueous solution
Strong Acid
is one that ionizes completely in aqueous solution
Weak Acid
an acid that releases few hydrogen ions in aqueous solution
Bronsted-Lowry Acid
is a molecule or ion that is a proton donor
Bronsted-Lowry Base
is a molecule or ion that is a proton acceptor
Bronsted-Lowry Acid Base Reaction
protons are transferred from one reactant to another
Monoprotic Acid
an acid that can donate only one proton per molecule
Polyprotic Acid
is an acid that can donate more than one proton per molecule
Diprotic Acid
can donate two protons per molecule
Tripotic Acid
is able to donate three protons per molecule
Lewis Acid
is an atom, ion, or moelcule that accepts an electron pair to form a covalent bond
Lewis Base
is an atom, ion, or molecule that donates an electron pair to form a covalent bond
Lewis Acid-Base Reaction
is the formation of one or more covalent bonds between an electron-pair donor and an electron pair acceptor
Conjugate Base
is the species that remains after a Bronsted-Lowry acid has given up a proton
Conjugate Acid
is the species that is formed when a Bronsted-Lowry base gains a proton
Amphoteric
any species that can react as either an acid or a base
Neutralization
is the reaction of hydronium ions and hydrozide ions to form water molecules
Salt
is an ionic compound composed of a cation from a base and an anion from an acid

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