Chapter 11 (terms)

absurdism
an avant-grade “ism” that was the result of the two world wars. it has three types: fatalist, existentialist, and hilarious
alienation
The result of techniques to keep the audience aware that what they are witnessing is only a play used by Bertolt Brechet. This technique includes having actors address the audience out of character, exposing the lights, removing the proscenium arch and curtains and having the actors perform on bare platforms
anagnorisis
element of a Greek tragedy the tragic hero’s self-examination leading to realization of true identity
avant-grade
any work of art that is experimental, innovative, or unconventional
blank verse
Bunraku
Japanese puppet theatre with large wooden puppets with many moveable parts, onstage puppeteers dressed in black, and a narrator who chants the script
catharsis
An intense, two fold feeling of pity and fear that is the goal of Greek tragedy
character flaw
An inner flaw that hampers a characters good judgment and leads the character to make unfortunate choices; sometimes called fatal flaw, tragic flaw, or hamartia.
chorus
In ancient Greek plays, an all male group of singers and dancers who commented on and participated in the action
comedy of manners
A form of Restoration comedy that features wit and wordplay and often includes themes of sexual gratification, bedroom escapades and humankind’s primitive nature when it comes to sex.
dark comedy
comedy that is gloomy, even sinister, allowing the audience to laugh at the bleaker and more absurd aspects of life.
domestic comedy
A type of play that characterized by stories about common everyday people, rather than ones of noble birth, whose problems and complications are lighthearted and entertaining
epic theatre
Features play that have a grand scope, large casts, and cover a long period and a wide range of sometimes unrelated incidents.
episode
one scene in an ancient Greek play, alternates with stasimons
exodos
In ancient Greek theatre the summation by the chorus on the theme and wisdom of the play
expressionism
A style that shows the audience the action of the play through the mind of one character. instead of seeing photographic reality, the audience sees the characters own emotions and point of view.
farce
A popular form of low comedy where the characters are trapped in a fast paced situation with wild complications, mistaken identities and incredible coincidences so fast because the characters are constantly running in and out of doors
fourth wall
An imaginary wall separating the actors from the audience, an innovation of realism in the theatre in the mid 1800’s
hamartia
In ancient Greek tragedy a personal weakness that leads to a tragic hero’s downfall.
happening
unstructured theatrical events on street corners at bus stops, in lobbies, and virtually anywhere else people gather.
high comedy
A style that depends on sophiscated humor wit, political satire, or social commentary
hip hop theatre
productions influenced b hip-hop music, art, and culture.
hubris
This term used in classical Greek drama for overbearing pride or arrogance
iambic pentameter
Poetic lines of a play that describe the accent and length of each line, there are ten syllables per line and the stress goes on the second syllable
kabuki
A popular, robust, and spectacular version of the Japanese Noh theatre. The name comes from the characters for “song” “dance” and “skill”
Kafkaesque
Marked by surreal distortion and senseless danger, a term that comes from the way that Czech writer Franz Kafka depicted the world
Ki
In Kabuki theatre wooden clappers whose beats accompany a mie pose at a particularly intense or profound moment
low comedy
A style that depends on gags, clowning, puns and slapstick.
melodrama
Most popular in the late 19th century a type of play that usually features working-class heroes who set out on a great adventure. Story lines that praise marriage, God, and country and florid background music. word is a blend of melody and drama
mie pose
In Kabuki theatre a sudden striking pose with eyes crossed, chin sharply turned, and the big toe pointed toward the sky, happens at a particurly intense or profound moment
naturalism
A style of theatrical design and acting who goal is to imitate real life, including its seamy side. Also called “slice of life” theatre.
noh
A form of traditional Japanese drama combining poetry, acting, singing, and dancing developed during the 1300s.
parodos
The entrance of the chorus into the playing area in ancient Greek theatre
peking opera
A synthesis of music, dance, acting, and acrobatics first performed in the 1700’s in China by strolling players in markets, temples, courtyards, and the streets. Known in China as the “opera of the capital”
performace art
An art form from the mid 20th century in which one or more performers use some combination of visual arts, theatre, dance, music and poetry often to dramatize political ideas.
peripeteia
In ancient Greek tragedies a radical reversal of fortune experienced by the hero
poetic realism
A style of realism that is experienced through lyrical language
precolonial African theatre
Indegiouns African theatre that grew out of ritual ad predates contact with Europeans. A combo of ritual, ceremony, and drama, it incorporates acting, music, storytelling, poetry, and dance the costumed actors often wear mask. Audience participation is common
problem plays
A play that expresses a social problem so that it can be remedied
prologue
In ancient Greek a short introductory speech or scene
realism
A style of theatre that attempts to seem like life, with authentic looking sets honest acting and dialogue that sounds like everyday speech.
romantic comedy
A style of theatre that examines the funny side of falling in love.
romantics
Enlightment era poets, novelists, and play wrights who questioned the scientific revolutions obsession with logic they felt that science was not adequate to describe the full range of human experience and stressed instinct intuition and feeling in their writings
sanskirt dramas
One of the earliest forms of theatre in India performed in sanskirt by professional touring companies on special occasions in temples, palaces, or temp theatres
sentimental comedy
A type of comedy that features middle class characters finding happiness and true love.
shadow theatre
A form of theatre created by lighting 2-D figures and casting their shadows on a screen.
stasimon
I ancient Greek plays a choral interlude between episodes
straight plays
In contrast to a musical the category of plays without music
tragedies of the common man
Modern version of tragedies that just as in ancient Greek tragedies leave the audience with a feeling of catharis
tragic hero
empathetic person of noble birth or a person who has risen to prominence and makes a choice that leads to trouble but who ultimately takes responsibility for the choice
verbal scene painting
A technique used by English and Spanish playwrights to set the mood or place of a scene
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