Chapter 10 Review

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Robert Fulton
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built the first paddle-wheel steamboat
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James Watt
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improved the steam engine
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Giuseppe Garibaldi
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leader in the struggle for Italian unification
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romanticism
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an intellectual movement noted for its appreciation of feelings and human emotion
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Simon Bolivar
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led revolts against Spanish rule in Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador
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puddling
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a process for removing impurities from crude iron
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Miguel Hidalgo
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Mexican priest who led native people in a revolt against Spanish rule
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Compromise of 1867
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created the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary
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Benito Juarez
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initiated reforms in Mexican government, including redistribution of land to the poor
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realism
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the practice of representing real life without idealization and literature
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the creation of the Second Empire
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The 1848 revolution in France resulted in
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German unification
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The Frankfurt Assembly failed to achieve
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emergence of the middle class and the working class
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The social change brought by the Industrial Revolution was evident in the
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destroy the Concert of Europe and leave Russia without allies
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The effect of the Crimean War was to
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nationalism
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The revolutionary outbursts in Europe in the 1830s and the 1840s were sparked by attitudes of
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workers had to work regular hours and perform repetitive tasks
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The factory created a new labor system in which
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a movement towards socialism
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The harsh conditions created by the Industrial Revolution gave rise to
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had a lot of money and natural resources
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One reason Great Britain led the way in the Industrial Revolution was that it
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slavery
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The greatest threat to American unity in the mid-1800s was
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draining raw materials from Latin American countries while keeping them dependent on manufactured goods
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Foreign investors ensured their continued domination of the Latin American economy by
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spinning jenny
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invention that improved thread production
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capital
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supply of money
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industrial capitalism
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economic system based on industrial production
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steam engine
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machine powered by coal, making it possible to locate factories anywhere, including away from rivers
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enclosure movement
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the fencing of meadows and fields, which kept peasants from using them for grazing and forced many to move to towns for work
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transportation and power
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The Industrial Revolution started in Britain partly because its rivers provided
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coal was needed to produce iron and to run steam engines
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Why did coal production expand greatly during the Industrial Revolution?
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goods could be moved faster from the factories to the places they would be sold
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How did the railroads guarantee the success of the Industrial Revolution?
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railroads
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Industrialization spread rapidly in both Europe and the United States thanks to

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