Chapter 10 Environmental Science study guide

difference between threatened and endangered species
threatened species have a declining population and could become endangered and endangered species will become extinct if not protected

example of a endangered species
Florida panther

number of living organisms estimated to be on Earth
about 10 million both known and unknown

most effective way to slow the loss of biodiversity
create large parks/preserves in biodiversity hotspots

part of the world where the greatest numbers of extinctions are occuring
tropical rain forests

What happened to the California Condor
the condor was near extinction but is making a comeback due to captive breeding

environmental laws in the US vs. the world
US has the strongest environmental laws in the world

percentage of species that will become extinct by the end of the century
25%

4 main points of the Endangered Species Act
USFWS (United States Fish & Wildlife service) must make a list of endangered species; no part of an endangered/threatened species can be caught/killed/sold/traded; no projects that could hurt endangered species can be carried out; USFWS must have a species recovery plan

cause of most current extinctions
human activities

#1 cause of extinctions
habitat destruction

why is habitat destruction #1 cause of extinctions?
because organisms are adapted to survive in a particular environment

3 levels of biodiversity
genetic, species, ecosystem

genetic biodiversity
different genes within all members of a population

species biodiversity
differences in populations of species

ecosystem biodiversity
varieties of habitats and communities

Which level of biodiversity is the typical type?
species biodiversity

purpose of a germ-plasm bank
store genetic material of plants and animals

biodiversity hotspot
area of high biodiversity that if damaged would endanger many species

3 areas worldwide that are biodiversity hotspots
tropical rain forests, islands, coral reefs

3 specific examples of biodiversity hotspots in the United states
California, Hawaii, Florida

How can zoos, aquariums, and botanical gardens help save species?
preserving the threatened species from destruction and by participating in captive breeding programs

Poaching
illegal hunting

example of poaching
elephant

keystone species
species that is critically important to an ecosystem

example of a keystone species
sea otter

Why are biologists uncertain about how many species are living on Earth today?
many species have not been studied because environments are hard to get to

2 main benefits of protecting entire ecosystems
able to protect many species at a time and keeps ecosystem healthy

How do invasive species threaten ecosystems?
overpopulate and compete for resources with native species/native species may have no natural predators

3 ways to save individual species
1.captive breeding programs; 2. zoos, aquariums, gardens: 3. germ plasm banks

Endangered species in Alabama
Alabama Beach Mouse, Mississippi Gopher Frog, Alabama Sturgeon

Which type of species has the largest number of specific species either endangered or extinct?
Plants

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