Chapter 1 Nursing Today Potter & Perry

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Potter: Fundamentals of Nursing, 8th Edition Chapter 01: Nursing Today Key Points – • Nursing responds to the health care needs of society, which are influenced by economic, social, and cultural variables of a specific era. • Changes in society such as increased technology, new demographic patterns, consumerism, health promotion, and the women’s and human rights movements lead to changes in nursing. • Nursing definitions reflect changes in the practice of nursing and help bring about changes by identifying the domain of nursing practice and guiding research, practice, and education. • Nursing standards provide the guidelines for implementing and evaluating nursing care. • Professional nursing organizations deal with issues of concern to specialist groups within the nursing profession. • Nurses are becoming more politically sophisticated and, as a result, are able to increase the influence of nursing on health care policy and practice.
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Potter: Fundamentals of Nursing Chapter 01: Nursing Today Answer Key – Clinical Application Questions and Rationales 1. Similarities and differences in roles: All nurses follow the professional roles and responsibilities for a professional nurse. a. Staff nurse provides direct care for a group of patients in a health care setting. This practice is guided by the standards of professional practice and the agency practice philosophy. b. Advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) is the most independently functioning nurse. An APRN has a master’s degree in nursing; advanced education in pathophysiology, pharmacology, and physical assessment; and certification and expertise in a specialized area of practice. c. Nurse educator works primarily in schools of nursing, staff development departments of health care agencies, and patient education departments. Nurse educators need experience in clinical practice to provide them with practical skills and theoretical knowledge. A faculty member in a school of nursing educates students to become professional nurses. Nursing faculty members are responsible for teaching current nursing practice, trends, theory, and necessary skills in laboratories and clinical settings. 2. Educational preparation a. Staff nurse—Basic nursing education and registered nurse licensure b. Advanced Practice Registered Nurse—Master’s degree preparation and advance practice certification c. Nurse educator—Master’s or doctoral degree in nursing 3. Discussion and self-reflection to determine future goals
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Box 1-1 ANA Standards of Nursing Practice pg.4
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Box 1-2 ANA Standards of Professional Performance pg 5
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Table 1-1 Quality and Safety Education for Nurses pg 9
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Box 1-4 Evidence Based Practice pg 10

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