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Biological Psychology
Specialty focused on physical and chemical changes that cause and result from behavior and mental processes

Behavorism
A school of thought in psychology that emphasizes the study of observable behavior over the study of the mind

Cognitive
The study of information processing, thinking, reasoning, and problem solving

Evolutionary
Approach that emphasizes inherited, adaptive aspects of behavior and mental processes

Clinical psychology
The psychological perspective that seeks to explain, define, and treat abnormal behaviors

Culture
The practices, values, and goals shared by groups of people

Functionalism
The school of psychology that focuses on the adaptive functions of behavior

Gestalt psychology
A school of psychology emphasizing the study of thinking, learning, and perception in whole units, not by analysis into parts

Individual differences
An approach to psychology that investigates variations in behavior from one person to the next

Introspection
Personal observation of your own thoughts, feelings, and behavior

Mind
The brain and its activities, including thought, emotion, and behavior

Philosophy
The discipline that systematically examines basic concepts, including the source of knowledge

Natural sciences
Any sciences that study no living matter, including physics, chemistry, astronomy, and geology

Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes

Structuralism
The school of thought concerned with analyzing sensations and personal experience into basic elements

John Locke
Empiricist philosopher who believed that mind was a “blank slate” at birth

Carl Rogers
Developed client-centered therapy

Max Wertheimer
Gestalt psychology founder who saw a mental experience as a heirarchy

Herman Von Helmholtz
His work on the speed of nerve signaling supported that the mind had a physical basis

Sigmund Freud
-Developed psychodynamic theory and its applications to treat psychological disorders.
-Nearly singlehandedly founded the study of personality in psychology

William Wundt
-Given credit for conducting the first experiments in psychology
-Main proponent of structuralism

Urlic Neisser
Coined the term cognition in 1967

William James
-Chief proponent of functionalism
-Coined the term “stream of consciousness”
-His textbook “Principles of Psychology” dominated the field for 50 years

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