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Biological Psychology
Specialty focused on physical and chemical changes that cause and result from behavior and mental processes
Behavorism
A school of thought in psychology that emphasizes the study of observable behavior over the study of the mind
Cognitive
The study of information processing, thinking, reasoning, and problem solving
Evolutionary
Approach that emphasizes inherited, adaptive aspects of behavior and mental processes
Clinical psychology
The psychological perspective that seeks to explain, define, and treat abnormal behaviors
Culture
The practices, values, and goals shared by groups of people
Functionalism
The school of psychology that focuses on the adaptive functions of behavior
Gestalt psychology
A school of psychology emphasizing the study of thinking, learning, and perception in whole units, not by analysis into parts
Individual differences
An approach to psychology that investigates variations in behavior from one person to the next
Introspection
Personal observation of your own thoughts, feelings, and behavior
Mind
The brain and its activities, including thought, emotion, and behavior
Philosophy
The discipline that systematically examines basic concepts, including the source of knowledge
Natural sciences
Any sciences that study no living matter, including physics, chemistry, astronomy, and geology
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Structuralism
The school of thought concerned with analyzing sensations and personal experience into basic elements
John Locke
Empiricist philosopher who believed that mind was a “blank slate” at birth
Carl Rogers
Developed client-centered therapy
Max Wertheimer
Gestalt psychology founder who saw a mental experience as a heirarchy
Herman Von Helmholtz
His work on the speed of nerve signaling supported that the mind had a physical basis
Sigmund Freud
-Developed psychodynamic theory and its applications to treat psychological disorders.
-Nearly singlehandedly founded the study of personality in psychology
William Wundt
-Given credit for conducting the first experiments in psychology
-Main proponent of structuralism
Urlic Neisser
Coined the term cognition in 1967
William James
-Chief proponent of functionalism
-Coined the term “stream of consciousness”
-His textbook “Principles of Psychology” dominated the field for 50 years