Ch. 22 South Asia Study Guide
What countries make up the South Asian subcontinent?
India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Maldives
What is a subcontinent?
Large landmass that is part of another continent
What two mountain ranges separate South Asia from its northern neighbors?
Himalayas and Karakoram
The Ganges River in India runs through a plain with some of India’s most fertile land and holds about ___% of the country’s population.
What are monsoons? When do they occur?
Rainy season, from June to September
What is the green revolution? Why was it necessary?
Using technology to increase food production
Does India produce most of the food it consumes today?
India is the world’s second largest producer of what crop?
What are some products India produces?
Textiles, iron, steel, software, gems, jewelry
What are cottage industries?
Home or village-based craft production
Name two ways India’s environment has been degraded by its economic growth.
Deforestation, pollution, water scarcity
In what area did the first Indian civilization exist about 4000 years ago?
How do castes affect people in India?
Jobs, marriages, difficult to move up in social class
What is the Hindu belief of reincarnation?
Soul is reborn until reaching perfection
Name six major religions practiced in India
Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Christianity
What famous building in India was built by a Muslim emperor as the tomb for his wife?
What is India’s capital?
What kind of government does India have?
How many people live in India?
Over a billion
How many official languages does India have? What is the most common one?
Is most of India’s population urban or rural?
Name 4 major cities in India.
mumbai, Calcutta, Delhi, Chennai, Madras, Bangalore
True or False? India produces more movies than Hollywood each year?
What two countries in South Asia are mainly Muslim?
What area between India and Pakistan has been disputed and shared by both countries for many years?
What are the two highest mountain peaks in the world?
Why is the Khyber Pass important?
for travel and trade
What crop is Pakistan’s main export?
Name Pakistan’s two biggest cities.
Karachi and Islamabad
What kind of government does Pakistan currently have?
was a military dictatorship, now moving toward democracy
Are India and Pakistan nuclear powers?
In Bangladesh, people rely on ____ for transportation and for farming.
What annual event floods the land and kills thousands of people each year in Bangladesh?
Why is it hard to be a successful farmer in Bangladesh?
Poor technology and flooding
What product is one of Bangladesh’s major exports?
Who is Muhammed Yunus? What is microcredit?
He won the Nobel Peace prize; helps poor with small loans
Name the two mountain kingdoms of South Asia?
Bhutan and Nepal
Name two things that occur because of deforestation in Nepal?
Erosion, flooding, fields destroyed, rivers filled with mud
What group of people in Nepal is know for their skill as mountain guides?
What is Nepal’s capital?
What does Buddhism teach?
Find peace by living simply, doing good deeds, and meditating
Why is Bhutan called the “Land of the Thunder Dragon?
Violent mountain storms
Why was Bhutan once called the “Hidden Holy Land?”
Buddhist tradition and it was closed to tourists for years
What two groups have fought a bloody civil war in Sri Lanka?
Sinhalese and Tamil
What country in South Asia is made up of coral islands that rely mainly on tourism as its biggest industry?