Cell Study Guide- Answer Key

What is it called when water passes through a cell membrane?
Osmosis
What two things are only found in a plant cell not in an animal cell?
Chloroplast and Cell Wall
What is the smallest part of a living thing?
Cell
Where do substances pass in and out of the cell?
Cell Membrane
I’ve been called a “storage tank” By those with little taste. I’m a sac filled with water,
Food, enzymes, or waste. What am I?
Vacuole
This part of the cell contains the DNA.
Nucleus
What will happen to an animal cell if it is placed in salt water?
The cell will shrink
List the name of cell organization from largest to smallest.
Organ, Tissue, Cell, Organelle
What organelle is found in a carrot cell but not in a cell of a dog?
Chloroplast
What analogy of the plant cell could be used to describe a human skeleton?
cell wall
What is the powerhouse where energy is stored?
Mitochondria
What makes proteins?
Ribosomes
Where does photosynthesis take place?
Chloroplast
What is a jellylike substance that is 80 % water and contains the cell’s living material?
Cytoplasm
This moves materials throughout the cell.
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
What are organelles that break down food, waste materials, and old cells?
Lysosomes