Cell Cycle and Mitosis study guide

3 stages of the Cell Cycle
interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis

interphase
first stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows, matures, and replicates its DNA

mitosis
cell division into two nearly identical daughter cells; both cells contain 46 chromosomes

cytokinesis
the final stage of the cell cycle, in which the cell’s cytoplasm divides, distributing the organelles into each of the two new cells

normal __________ functioning of cells

mitosis
cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes

stages of mitosis
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase

prophase
the first phase of mitosis in which the nuclear membrane disappears and the chromosomes begin to coil up and a spindle of fibers forms in the cell

metaphase
second phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell

anaphase
the stage of meiosis or mitosis when chromosomes move toward opposite ends of the nuclear spindle

telophase
the final stage of mitosis or meiosis, during which a nuclear membrane forms around each set of new chromosomes