Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal Psychology Exam 1: Chapters 1, 2, and 3

nonmenclature, study of etiology/comorbidity, insurance why classify abnormality? suffering, maladaptives, statistical deviancy, violation of the standards of society, social discomfort, irrationality and unpredictibility, dangerousness indicators of abnormality(study notes for this) certain forms of psychopathy appear to be highly specific to certain cultures ex. taijin kyofusho, ataque de nervios cultural factors of abnormality Diagnostic and Statistical […]

Abnormal Psychology Chapter 13 Schizophrenia Spectrum and other Psychotic Disorders

prodromal phase Precedes an active phase-deterioration in role functioning, may be seen by others as a change in personality, peculiar behaviors, unusual perceptual experiences, outbursts of anger, increased tension, restlessness, social withdrawal, indecisiveness, lack of willpower positive symptoms hallucinations, dellusions negative symptoms lack of initiative, social withdrawal, emotional deficits disorganization verbal communication problems, bizarre behavior […]

Abnormal Psychology Exam 1

Abnormal Psychology The scientific of abnormal behavior in an effort describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning. Deviance Behavior, thoughts, and emotions that break norms of psychological functioning. Crosses the line when it interferes. Dysfunction Abnormal behavior tends to be dysfunctional when it interferes with daily functioning. Trephination An ancient operation in which […]

Chapter 12: Abnormal Psychology

Psychological Disorder Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts, feelings, or behaviors. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) A psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Medical Model The concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can […]

Abnormal Psychology Ch 14 (Barlow) – Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Specific Learning Disorders Difficulties learning and using academic skills, as indicated by the presence of at least on of the following symptoms that have persisted for at least 6 months, despite interventions (read symptoms in notes) Autism Spectrum Disorder-Social Communication Persistent deficit in social communication and social interaction across deficits in social-emotional reciprocity, nonverbal communicative […]

Abnormal Psychology: Disorders and Treatments

Abnormal behavior (definition, factors, examples of cultural-specific disorders) I. Abnormal Behavior a. No clear definition b. Factors i. Place ii. Time iii. Mental state iv. Actions v. Must be self-recognized c. Cultural-specific disorders i. Demonic possession ii. Brain fag syndrome iii. Running amok iv. Dissociative identity disorder/Multiple personality disorder 1) Split personality syndrome; alternates between […]

Abnormal Psychology in a Changing World 9th Edition Chapter 6

Dissociative disorder A disorder characterized by disruption, or dissociation, of identity, memory, or consciousness Dissociative identity disorder A dissociative disorder in which a person has two or more distinct, or alter, personalities Dissociative amnesia A dissociative disorder in which a person experiences memory loss without any identifiable organic cause. Depersonalization/derealization disorder A disorder characterized by […]

Abnormal Psychology Final, Dr. Heard

The 4 D’s Deviance, Distress, Dysfunction, and Dangerousness. Deviance Different, extreme, unusual, bizarre- norms (socially/culturally). Ex. Guys wearing make up. Distress Unpleasant/upset: disrupts emotionally, behaviorally and physically. Can be positive. Ex. Stress. Dysfunction Inability to function daily tasks. Social, academic and occupational interferences. Ex. OCD spend more time washing hands than working. Dangerousness Harmful thoughts […]

APSY 338: Abnormal Psychology

What we see as normal/abnormal is caused by Culture Perspectives Time What is mental illness defined as Distress Impairment Can be mental and physical/intellectual and physical What we tend to see with mental illness’ We think/believe people who are impaired are a risk to society (EX) Homeless person What is statistical deviance Where people fall […]

Abnormal Psychology, Butcher 16 ed. Chapter 3

adoption method comparison of biological and adoptive relatives with and without a given disorder to assess genetic versus environmental influences association studies genetic research strategy comparing frequency of certain genetic markers known to be located on particular chromosomes in people with and without a particular disorder attachment theory contemporary developmental and psychodynamic theory emphasizing the […]

Abnormal Psychology Definitions

Abnormal psychology A branch of psychology that deals with psychopathology and abnormal behavior. It deals with a wide range of psychiatric disorders which are characterized by maladaptive behavior that is destructive to the individuals or to others. Diagnosis Identifying and classifying abnormal behavior based on symptoms, the patients self-reports, observations by others, and clinical tests […]

Ch.2- Research Methods in Abnormal Psychology

2.1Describe three core principles of ethics in the scientific study of abnormal behavior.(pg. 40) One core ethical principle is respect for persons, which means that individuals participating in a study must be capable of making decisions about themselves. A second principle is beneficence, which means that researchers must respect participants’ decisions, protect them from harm, […]

Brain Structures and Function (Abnormal Psychology)

cerebellum involved in implicit learning, reflex conditioning, timing, balancing, and coordinating movements medulla has role in controlling cardiac, respiratory, and blood pressure functions Midbrain relays sensory input for reflexes (orienting movements of the head) includes the superior (visual) and inferior (auditory) colliculi includes the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the substantia nigra, both nuclei produce […]

Unit 12: Abnormal Psychology

psychological disorder deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thought, feelings, or behaviors attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity medical model the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can […]

Abnormal Psychology: Integrative Approach Chapter 2

multidimensional integrative approach Approach to the study of psychopathology that holds psychological disorders as always being the products of multiple interacting causal factors. genes the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein diathesis-stress model suggests that a person may be predisposed for a mental […]

Abnormal Psychology

What is a substance (as it pertains to ‘substance abuse’)? is any natural or synthesized product that has psychoactive effects- it changes perception, thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. What is meant by substance intoxication? behavioral and psychological changes that occur as a result of the physiological effects of the substance on the CNS. What is meant […]

Abnormal Psychology Test 1

Family Resemblance Criteria for Abnormal Behavior Suffering /// Maladaptiveness /// Irrationality /// Unpredictability & Loss of Control /// Rareness & Unconventionality /// Observer Discomfort /// Violation of Norms and Standards Suffering 1. Suffering – if it is causing them distress, making them suffer. They don't want to be behaving that way, it's causing them problems […]

PSYCH 301 Abnormal Psychology Chapter 1

Abnormal Psychology The study of people who suffer mental, emotional, and often physical pain. Often referred to as psychopathology Cultural Relativism The view that there are no universal standards or rules for labeling abnormal behavior. Instead behaviors can be labeled abnormal only relative to cultural norms Dysfunction Interferes with a person’s ability to function in […]

Abnormal Psychology Chapter 5 & 6

fear The central nervous system’s physiological and emotional response to a serious threat to one’s well-being. anxiety The central nervous system’s physiological and emotional response to a vague sense of threat or danger. diathesis-stress model disorder arises as a result of biological vulnerability + experience that meets the stress threshold generalized anxiety disorder A disorder […]

Abnormal psychology test chapter 1

Abnormal psychology the scientific study whose objectives are to describe, explain, predict and control behaviors that are considered strange or unusual Predication of abnormal behavior if a therapist can correctly identify the source of a clients difficulty, he or she should be able to predict the kinds of problems the client will face during therapy […]

Abnormal Psychology

Thomas Szasz mental illness is a myth; any deviant or abnormal behavior is a response or function of problems within society. in order to better control the public/deter people from behaviors which threaten the natural social order, society created the concept of mental illness animism belief in the supernatural or divine (anti)religious influences on human […]

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