Medieval History

carruca a heavy wood plow with an iron plowshare manor In medieval Europe, an agriculture estate that a lord ran and peasants worked serf a peasant legally bound to the land who had to provide labor services, pay rent, and be subjects to the lord’s control bourgeoisie the middle class, including merchants, industrialist, and professional […]

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Medieval History

Carolingian Empire A dynastic line and empire associated with Charlemagne. It was located in France and parts of Germany and Italy. It was centralized via the Church and its capital at Aachen. Charlemagne The first Holy Roman Emperor. Catholic Church Controlled all aspects of Medieval society. Magna Carta This important document weakened the English monarch […]

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Medieval History Terms

Allah Arabic word meaning God. Part of the faith of Islam. Ancient History Time in history up to the fall of the Roman Empire in 476. Apprentice A boy who is learning a trade (job skill) from a master craftsman. Barbarians What the Romans generally called anyone who lived beyond the borders of the Roman […]

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Medieval History Unit 2

Alfred the Great (849-899) the first king of the “Anglo-Saxons” Allah the divine name in Islam Angles Germanic tribe that invaded Britain in the 5th century from whom the name “England” comes Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109) the archbishop who defended realism and the satisfaction view of the atonement The Battle of Hastings (Oct. 14, 1066) […]

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Chapter 5 Ancient and Medieval history Rome

Etruscans The civilization that most influenced early Rome. Settled north of Rome in Etruria. The dominant cultural and economic force in a number of areas in the emergence of Rome. They were invaded by the celts from Gaul and then conquered by the Romans. They brought urbanization to northern and central Italy. Consuls The chief […]

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medieval history revision

Tithings Groups of 10 men introduced in the 10th century. All males over the age of 12 belonged to a tithing. If the tithing refused to bring a member of their group to court, then they would all pay a fine of compensation. Tithings were used during the rest of the Middle Ages. Hue and […]

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Chapter 5 Ancient-Medieval History Vocab

Latium a plain on which Rome was located Tiber River a river located 18 miles inland in Rome Etruscans another peoples that had also settled in Italy by the first millennium Romulus and Remus twin brothers that founded Rome Sacred Way the first roadbed of the chief street through Rome Consuls & Praetors the chief […]

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Medieval History Chapter 16 and 17

bureaucracy a highly organized body of workers with any levels of authority warlord a military leader operating outside the control of the government civil service exam a test given to qualify candidates for positions in the government harrow a farm tool used to break up and even out plowed ground chain pump a pump with […]

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Medieval History

Gallows Wooden frame for hanging people, usually criminals Ducking Stool Victim was tied to a chair which was elevated or lowered by the torturer. Pillory a wooden instrument of punishment on a post with holes for the neck and hands Stocks Stocks are devices that were used internationally, in medieval, Renaissance and colonial American times […]

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