Geography Flashcards

BYU GEO 110 Exam 2

Floodplains – why do people live there? People live in floodpalin areas because of the fertile soil, easy/cheap shipping and good fishing. What are some benefits of flooding? 1. Maintain wetland habitat2. It provides natural irrigation – watering the crops3. Flooding deposits silt in the floodplains, removes salt What are some flood hazards? Drowning Diseases […]

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BYU GEO 101 Exam 3

Badlands HIghly erodable, soft terrain. Lacks vegetation because the rain washes away the thin soil layer. Occur in steep areas. Deflation(Wind) Picks up and moves silt and sand.(Sand does not get lifted into the atmosphere; silt may blow a few hundred feet) Desertification A type of land degradation in which a relatively dry land region […]

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BYU GEO 101 Exam 2

What is weathering? The breakdown of rock by physical and chemical reactions with air and water. How do smooth rocks get cracks? -Naturally occuring from the expanding and contracting from the cooling process-Earthquakes-Lava – as it cools, it contracts, causing cracks These affect the type and rate of weathering. Climate and rock type Rock breaks […]

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BYU GEO101 Exam 1

What is Geography? The study of space and place. The study of the WHY of the WHERE What do geographers study? – Where things are located on the earth’s crust– Why things are located in certain places– How places differ from one another– How people interact with the environment Two principle branches of Geography Physical […]

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BTHS Geography Chapter 4

Culture The total of knowledge, attitudes, and Behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group. Culture acts as a bluebrint for how a group of people should behave if they want to fit in with the group. Culture involves the following: food & shelter, religion, relationships, language, education, security, political […]

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BTHS Geography Chapter 2

Continents Landmasses above water on earth Solar System Consists of the sun and nine known planets, as well as other celestial bodies that orbit the sun.  The solar system also contains comets, spheres covered with ice and dust that leave trails of vapor as they race through space. Asteroids – large chunks of rocky material […]

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Block 1 – Geography

Insolation Incoming Solar Radiation Solstice 1st day of Summer & Winter seasons, June 21 and December 21. They have the most tilt. The sun is shining on the Tropic of Cancer/Capricorn Specific Heat The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance by 1° C Subsolar Point The location […]

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Biomes – Geography Test Questions

How are unique biomes created? Because of Continental Drift, plants/animals split up and become different because areas (like Australia) are seperated for a long time evolution Charles Darwin plants/animals adapt to changes in the enviroment (will die if they don’t) Biome classification “Biomes are classified by predominant vegetation which is characterized by adaptations of organisms […]

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Biogeography of the Global Gardens Exam 1

Biogeography o The relationship between patterns on the landscape and in the natural world and the processes that create them Dispersal Fundamental Process of Biogeography:movement of organisms from one place to another Evolution Fundamental Process of Biogeography: diversification and adaptation Cryptic Coloration Camouflage Abiotic non-living portion of landscapes Biotic living portion of environment Latitudinal Gradient […]

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Biogeography Exam 2 2013

Carbon Cycle Carbon exchange through biosphere, pedosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere Law of the Minimum Growth is controlled by the scarcest resource or limit factor not the total amount available Residence Time amount a molecule specds in a specific reservoir in the biogeochem cycle Soil Organic Matter Provides nutrients, bids soil particles, reduces erosion, helps soil […]

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BioGeo Test 3

Succession predictable and orderly changes in the composition or structure of an ecological community. Primary Succession Succession that result from the formation of new soil (usually lava flow or retreat of glacier) Secondary Succession Succession started by an even such as a fire or hurricane that reduced an established population to a smaller population of […]

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Benton-Short Unit 3 HG

Define and give examples of the 4 sectors of economic activity primary, secondary, tertiary, quartenary Primary Sector activities that take and use the earth’s resources (not exactly the major cause of economic growth, what everyone was doing before 1800)– Agriculture, mining, oil and gas Secondary Sector activities that add value to resources/ transform raw materials […]

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Beaches and Coasts Short Answers

List three mechanisms by which rivers transport sediment (mechanisms, not sand, mud, wood etc.) a. SUSPENSION   b. BEDLOAD   c. DISSOLVED Identify the coastal tectonic setting that has the fewest large river deltas. COLLISION Where does estuarine sediment ultimately come from?: a)             RIVERS                              c) BLUFFS   […]

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BC Numbered Routes

1 Trans-Canada Route Marker Trans-Canada (Vancouver Island) — From Mile Zero at Douglas and Dallas Roads, via Douglas Street, Malahat Drive, Duncan, Ladysmith and through Nanaimo via Nicol Street, Terminal Avenue, Stewart Avenue, to the ferry terminal at Departure Bay. South of Tolmie Ave is under municipal jurisdiction (Victoria). 1 Trans-Canada Route Marker Trans-Canada (Mainland) […]

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BC Geography

Abbotsford Abbotsford regional hospital and cancer centre Hwy1 N – Fraser river W – Langley E -Cultus Lake Alert Bay Cormorant Island Community Health Center Cormorant Island N – Port McNeil NW – Sointula Malcolm Island Ashcroft Ashcroft and District General Hospital just west of HWY 1 N – Boston Flats, Cache Creek Bella Bella […]

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Basic Geography Skills

cartographer A person that makes maps economic map Map that shows how people make a living G.P.S. Global Positioning System; a radio navigation system that allows you to determine your exact location. geography The study of the Earth’s surface and the processes that shape it, the connections between places, and the relationships between people and […]

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basic geography vocabulary

archipelago   islands clustered together[image] arctic circle an imaginary line about 66o north of the equator. north of this line its very cold[image] atoll coral reef enclosing a lagoon[image] bay area of an ocean, sea, lake, etc., that extends into the land. bays are usally smaller than gulfs.[image] canyon deep, narrow, steep-sided valley often with […]

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Barron’s Chapter 8 Test

When and where did the first cities arise? 1000’s of years ago in regions where agriculture gained and early foothold In the beginning of the Colonial Period, large, prosperous cities existed everywhere except where? Australia How did urbanism spread? Slowly What two places grew remarkably during the Classical Period? Athens and Rome What time period […]

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Barron’s Chapter 6 Test

What is the study of the flow of goods and services through space? Economic Geography Who studies the ways in which people provide for themselves in different places and geographic patterns of inequality at all scales of economic organization? Economic Geographers What has always been a major theme in economic geography? Industrialization Where were most […]

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B Countries

Bahamas Nassau Bahrain Manama Bangladesh Dhaka Barbados Bridgetown Belarus Minsk Belgium City of Brussels Belize Belmopan Benin Porto-Novo Bermuda Hamilton Bhutan Thimphu Bolivia Sucre Bosnia Sarajevo Botswana Gaborone Brazil Brasilia Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Bulgaria Sofia Burkina Faso Ouagadougou Burma Naypyidaw Burundi Bujumbura

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Australia’s Population

Community an identifiable group interacting on the basis of shared space and/or social organisation Culture the values and customs of a particular country as expressed in the music, food, interests, religion and sport of that country Cultural Integration the process whereby different cultures become more similar and linked together Demography the study of human population […]

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