Types of Oceanography

Oceanography the branch of science that deals with the physical and biological properties and phenomena of the sea Physical oceanography the study of physical conditions and physical processes within the ocean, especially the motions and physical properties of ocean waters. Physical oceanography is one of several sub-domains into which oceanography is divided Biological oceanography the […]

What is Oceanography?

Oceanography is the systematic study of the ocean environment on all scales and from biology to physics. It includes descriptive, quantitative, predictive, interdisciplinary science. Geological oceanography Branch of marine science that studies seafloor formations, sediments, and coastal formations Biological oceanography the study of the lifeforms in the ocean and their relationships to one another Chemical […]

Ocean World – Oceanography

Average depth and temp. of the ocean 12,100 Ft Average (3688 Meters) – Deepest 36,000 Ft (10,944 Meters) Temp – 3.9 Celsius (39 F) Atlantic – 12,612 FT (3844 Meters) Pacific – 12,927 FT (3940 Meters) Indian – 12,598 FT (3840 Meters) Arctic – 3665 FT (1117 Meters) Which hemisphere contains the most landmass? Northern […]


the purpose of the voyage to study humpback whales what is oceanography? the study of earth’s oceans what are the oceans? Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, and Atlantic fo’c’sle the foward-most part of the boat or ship that is used as sleeping quarters marine bioligist a scientist who specializes in animals and plants that live in […]


What are the 4 subfields of oceanography? Geological, chemical, physical, and biological What are the four principal oceans? Rank them based on the areas and their depth. pacific, atlantic,indian, artic What is a sea? What are the six seas? Red Sea, Black Sea, Dead Sea, South China Sea, Caspian Sea, and Meditteranean Sea What is […]

Oceanography -5th grade

water pressure increases as depth increases because of the weight of the water pushing down rip currents Narrow streams of water that break through sand bars and drain rapidly back to sea gyre the large, circular surface-current pattern found in each ocean gulf stream a warm ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico […]

The Study of Oceanography

What is oceanography? 5 areas of science: 1. Marine geology 2. Physical oceanography 3. Chemical oceanography 4. Marine engineering 5. Marine Biology Marine geology The study of the composition of the inner earth, sea floor sediments, the history of the ocean, continent movement, climates, earthquakes, resource distribution, and where resources come from Physical oceanography The […]

Oceanography (latitude and longitude)

Latitude Runs east to west But meaaured north to south 0-90 n or 0-90 s Latitude is also called Altitude of Polaris Altitude Angle Polaris North Star Longitude Run north to south But measure east to west 0-180w or 0-180e Runs from pole to pole Prime meridian Line of longitude that represents 0* longitude Runs […]

Branches of Oceanography or Marine Science

physical oceanography collect and study data on the ocean’s tides, currents, and waves. physical oceanography uses a variety of special instruments and devices that measure the earth’s magnetic and gravitational fields, the speed of sound traveling through water, the ocean’s depths, and the flow of heat from the earth’s interior. geological oceanography study of the […]


coastal waters Adjacent to land Open ocean most commercial fish Are caught here Esturary Partly enclosed body of water Benefits of wetlands Areas of high biological productivity in diversity. It’s biologically important. efficiently cleans polluted water Biological effects of oil spills in marine environments Oil spills coat and poisons wildlife Discuss ways in which oil […]


continental slope the part of the ocean floor that slopes steeply continental shelf the part of the ocean floor that drops gently near the land Abyssal Plains A large, flat area of the ocean floor Seamounts/Guyotes underwater volcanic mountains that rise 100 m above the ocean floor. Guyotes are flat topped seamounts. Trenches the deepest […]

Oceanography Exam #1 — (Introduction)

Oceanography The scientific study of the ocean by applying traditional sciences, such as physics, chemistry, geology, biology, and engineering, to all aspects of the ocean. Five disciplines of Oceanography. Physical, Chemical, Geological (Marine Geology), Marine Biology, and Marine Engineering. Marine Geology (Geological Oceanography) The study of the history and structure of the ocean floor. It […]


oceanography description of the marine enviroment how much oxygen does the ocean supply? as much as 70% scientific method observation, hypothesis, testing, theory what are the 4 principle oceans on earth? pacific, atlantic, indian, Arctic, and southern/ antaric ocean PAIA where is the deepest part of the oceans? deepest part is challenger deep region of […]

Earth Science Oceanography

Deep Ocean Currents an ocean current formed when cold water flows underneath warm water. Surface Currents a horizontal movement of the ocean water and is caused by wind and that occurs near the top of the surface of the water. Coriolis Effect the effect of Earth’s rotation on the direction of winds and currents. Deflect/Deflection […]

Oceanography Vocabulary

Pelagic Zone the open ocean Continental Shelf a gently sloping shallow area of the ocean floor that extends outward from the edge of the continent Sonar a method or device used to determine ocean depth or distances Density the mass of matter, packed into a certain volume Spring Tide a tide with the greatest difference […]


continental margins and plate boundaries line up west coast of south america – pacific northwest of north america how we find plate boundaries map concentrations of earthquakes and volcanoes divergent plate boundaries 2 plates pulling apart – causes rock from beneath the plate to melt – magma rises and creates new ocean crust – half […]

Oceanography Terms

Intertidal The shallow zone of the ocean where land meets water, which is alternately covered or exposed by the tied Sublittoral Benthic zone from the low-tide line to the seaward edge of the continental shelf; the subtidal zone. Bathyal Pertaining to ocean depths between approximately 1000 and 4000 meters. Abyssal benthic environment between 4000 m […]

Oceanography history

what is oceanography? the study of everything that happens in the ocean: -Biology -Chemistry -Physics -Geology why did early explorers explore the oceans? for the needs of the time e.g. trade when did the greeks begin to explore outside the mediteranean? about 900-700 B.C. why are oceans called oceans? the greek word for river was […]

Oceanography: Introduction

What is Oceanography? An interdisciplinary science that studies the geological, physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the ocean. What are the subdisciplines of oceanography? Be able to describe each. Geological: Studies the ocean’s structures and processes that form them. Physical: Studies the movement of water Chemical: Studies the ocean’s dissolved salts and gases Biological: Studies […]

Oceanography Test 1

Oceanography interdisciplinary study that studies the oceans & seas. 71% percent of earth covered by oceans Four Major sub-disciplines Marine Geology & Geophysics Chemical oceanography Physical oceanography Biological oceanography & marine biology Marine Geology & Geophysics shape & origin of ocean basins & seafloor features, plate tectonics, geology of oceanic crust, origin & distribution of […]

Oceanography Ch 1 and 2

What is Oceanography the description of the marine environment Geological Oceanography which is the study of the structure of sea floor Nebular hypothesis all bodies in the solar system formed from an enormous cloud composed mostly of hydrogen and helium, with only a small percentage of heavier elements Universe originated about 14 byo Nebula Collapsed […]

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