Oceanography Flashcards

Oceanography-2

What are the 4 subfields of oceanography? Geological, chemical, physical, and biological What are the four principal oceans? Rank them based on the areas and their depth. pacific, atlantic,indian, artic What is a sea? What are the six seas? Red Sea, Black Sea, Dead Sea, South China Sea, Caspian Sea, and Meditteranean Sea What is […]

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Physical Oceanography Jobs

coastal waters Adjacent to land Open ocean most commercial fish Are caught here Esturary Partly enclosed body of water Benefits of wetlands Areas of high biological productivity in diversity. It’s biologically important. efficiently cleans polluted water Biological effects of oil spills in marine environments Oil spills coat and poisons wildlife Discuss ways in which oil […]

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Oceanography Exam #1 — (Introduction)

Oceanography The scientific study of the ocean by applying traditional sciences, such as physics, chemistry, geology, biology, and engineering, to all aspects of the ocean. Five disciplines of Oceanography. Physical, Chemical, Geological (Marine Geology), Marine Biology, and Marine Engineering. Marine Geology (Geological Oceanography) The study of the history and structure of the ocean floor. It […]

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Oceanography Vocabulary

the purpose of the voyage to study humpback whales what is oceanography? the study of earth’s oceans what are the oceans? Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, and Atlantic fo’c’sle the foward-most part of the boat or ship that is used as sleeping quarters marine bioligist a scientist who specializes in animals and plants that live in […]

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The Study of Oceanography

What is oceanography? 5 areas of science: 1. Marine geology 2. Physical oceanography 3. Chemical oceanography 4. Marine engineering 5. Marine Biology Marine geology The study of the composition of the inner earth, sea floor sediments, the history of the ocean, continent movement, climates, earthquakes, resource distribution, and where resources come from Physical oceanography The […]

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Scripps Oceanography

continental slope the part of the ocean floor that slopes steeply continental shelf the part of the ocean floor that drops gently near the land Abyssal Plains A large, flat area of the ocean floor Seamounts/Guyotes underwater volcanic mountains that rise 100 m above the ocean floor. Guyotes are flat topped seamounts. Trenches the deepest […]

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Oceanography Review

71% amount the Earth is covered by water 29% amount the Earth is covered by land Pacific ocean the largest and deepest ocean 4 the number of ocean basins turbidity current a current with a downslope movement of dense sediment-rich water thermocline layer of rapid temperature change salinity 3.5 % or 35 ppt sodium chloride […]

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Oceanography Terms

Another name for Latitude lines Parallels Another name for Longitude lines Meridians Prime Meridian 0 degrees International Dateline 180 degrees Define: Heading Direction you are actually going Define: Bearing Direction your destination lies in relation to your starting point How many nautical miles are in 1 degree? 60 nautical miles How many statute miles are […]

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Oceanography Chapter 2 Vocab

AQUA one of three of NASA’s next generation of Earth-observing satellites, was launched into polar orbit on May 4, 2002. Centerpiece of a project named for the large amount of information that will be collected about Earth’s water cycle, including evaporation from the oceans. Cartographers a person who makes maps and charts Challenger expedition the […]

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Oceanography Chpt. 1

Earliest Interests in the Ocean: Ancient Greece–early records of science and Geography Alexander the Great (356-323 BC) Reached the deserts of the Mekran Coast (now Pakistan) in 325 BC Aristotle (384-322 BC) Knew why the see is salty, cataloged marine organisms Eratosthenes (264-194 BC) mapped known world, calculated accurate circumference of the Earth Ptolemy (127-51 […]

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Oceanography chapter 2

Aqua A NASA satellite designed to obtain data on Earth’s water cycle. Challenger expedition The first wholly scientific oceanographic expedition, 1872-1976; named for the steam corvette used in the voyage. Meteor expedition German Atlantic expedition begun in 1925; the first to use an echo sounder and other modern optical and electronic instrumentation. TOPEX/Poseidon Joint French-U.S. […]

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Oceanography Chapter 8 Vocab

air mass A large mass of air with nearly uniform temperature, humidity, and density throughout. atmosphere The envelope of gases that surround a planet and are held to it by the planet’s gravitational attraction. atmospheric circulation cell Large circuit of air driven by uneven solar heating and the Coriolis effect. Three circulation cells form in […]

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Earth Science Oceanography

Deep Ocean Currents an ocean current formed when cold water flows underneath warm water. Surface Currents a horizontal movement of the ocean water and is caused by wind and that occurs near the top of the surface of the water. Coriolis Effect the effect of Earth’s rotation on the direction of winds and currents. Deflect/Deflection […]

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Geological Oceanography

continental margins and plate boundaries line up west coast of south america – pacific northwest of north america how we find plate boundaries map concentrations of earthquakes and volcanoes divergent plate boundaries 2 plates pulling apart – causes rock from beneath the plate to melt – magma rises and creates new ocean crust – half […]

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Oceanography history

what is oceanography? the study of everything that happens in the ocean: -Biology -Chemistry -Physics -Geology why did early explorers explore the oceans? for the needs of the time e.g. trade when did the greeks begin to explore outside the mediteranean? about 900-700 B.C. why are oceans called oceans? the greek word for river was […]

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Oceanography Ch 1 and 2

What is Oceanography the description of the marine environment Geological Oceanography which is the study of the structure of sea floor Nebular hypothesis all bodies in the solar system formed from an enormous cloud composed mostly of hydrogen and helium, with only a small percentage of heavier elements Universe originated about 14 byo Nebula Collapsed […]

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Physical Oceanography

oceanography description of the marine enviroment how much oxygen does the ocean supply? as much as 70% scientific method observation, hypothesis, testing, theory what are the 4 principle oceans on earth? pacific, atlantic, indian, Arctic, and southern/ antaric ocean PAIA where is the deepest part of the oceans? deepest part is challenger deep region of […]

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Biological Oceanography

Abyssal Plain an area composed of settled marine sediment Alfred Wegener scientist who developed plate tectonic theory Asthenosphere layer of the Earth on which tectonic plates move Bathymetry study of ocean floor topography Continental Margin where beaches are located Convergent Boundary where plates are moving towards each other Deep Ocean Basin marine province associated with […]

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Oceanography Vocabulary Test Questions

Pelagic Zone the open ocean Continental Shelf a gently sloping shallow area of the ocean floor that extends outward from the edge of the continent Sonar a method or device used to determine ocean depth or distances Density the mass of matter, packed into a certain volume Spring Tide a tide with the greatest difference […]

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Oceanography Merit Badge

Marine Science Studying the processes of the ocean; how the ocean works and works together oceanography recording and describing the contents/processes of the ocean; physical, chemical, geological, and biological Oh Observation and Research He Hypothesis Eats Experiment (repeated trials) At Analysis Chucky Conclusion (hypothesis supported or not) Cheese Communication Ocean’s role in Earth’s Climate Water […]

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Oceanography Terms

Intertidal The shallow zone of the ocean where land meets water, which is alternately covered or exposed by the tied Sublittoral Benthic zone from the low-tide line to the seaward edge of the continental shelf; the subtidal zone. Bathyal Pertaining to ocean depths between approximately 1000 and 4000 meters. Abyssal benthic environment between 4000 m […]

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