Geology Flashcards

Geology test (Chapter 4-6)

Igneous Rock formation Solidification of melt- heat prevents them from completely forming- 650- 1200 Extrusive Above earths surface heat is lost rapidly Intrusive Melt infuses already formed rocks Volatiles Interfere atomic bonds Flux melting Melting with volatiles Magma groups Felsic, intermediate, mafic, ultramafic Aphanitic Small minerals- extrusive Phaneritic Easily visible minerals- intrusive Porphyritic Large and […]

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Chapter 11: Geology, Minerals, and Mining

geology the study of Earth’s physical features, processes, and history core Earth’s center. Consists mostly of iron, solid in the inside and molten in the outer area. mantle surrounds the core. Made up of dense, elastic rock. A portion of the upper area is called the asthenosphere and contains soft, melted rock lithosphere above the […]

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Geology Test #2 Study Guide

True or False: We are living during the third largest extinction event in geologic history? True A pair of metamorphic rocks with biochemical origins are: Marble and Anthracite Detrital sedimentary rocks are classified (named) based on the: Grain sizes of the detrial particles. The appearance and rapid proliferation of hard boiled macro fossils in the […]

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Chapter 11: Geology Minerals and Mining

Coltan Tantalite found with another mineral (columbite), used in cell phones Geology The study of earth’s history through its rocks, soils, and sediments – In the LITHOSPHERE. Includes the physical features and characteristics, and physical processes Rock Cycle Sequence of events in which rocks are formed, destroyed, altered, and reformed by geological processes (Earth’s crust […]

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Geology Test #1 (rocks, minerals, earth’s composition)

Theory When a hypothesis has survived scrutiny against competing models: Lithosphere Name the layer that is the upper most portion of the mantle where the tectonic plates float upon: Alfred Wegener Father of the theory of plate tectonics: Athenosphere “Lower” section of the mantle: Transform boundary In plate tectonics, when two plates slide past each […]

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Geology Chapter 3- Minerals

What is the definition of minerals? Naturally occurring, Inorganic, Solid, Ordered internal molecular structure, Definite chemical composition What is the definition of a rock? A solid aggregate or mass of minerals What is the chemistry of minerals? Atoms, Charged atoms (ions), and Isotopes What consist of an atom? Protons, neutrons, and electrons What is a […]

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Geology Ch. 5- Minerals

ionic bond oppositely charged ions attract to produce a neutral chemical compound- weak (velcro) covalent bond sharing of electrons to achieve a stable atomic structure- strong (rope) metallic bond electrons are shared between all atoms van der waals bond opposite charges occuring on opposite sides of a sheet- weak (usually found in weak areas- graphite) […]

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Ch 3: Introduction to Environmental Geology (Minerals and Rocks) Keller

mineral naturally occuring, solid Earth matieral that has formed by geologic processes; building blocks of the rocks that form the solid framework of Earth’s crust geochemistry the study of the chemistry of the earth, of atoms and elements of importance to geologic processes; isotope two atoms of the same element with a different number of […]

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Geology Rock & Mineral Test

Define a Mineral A natural solid with a definite chemical composition and a characteristic set of physical properties Name 4 Physical Properties used to identify minerals…Think back to our labs Streak, Color, Luster, Cleavage and Fracture Name 2 Special properties of certain minerals? Example: double refraction Fluorescence, Radioactivity, Magnetism Name and describe 2 minerals we […]

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Geology Mineral I.D. Quiz

Mineral Naturally occurring, crystalline, inorganic, solid, definite composition crystalline atoms form a regular internal crystal structure Crystal solid form with smooth planes outwardly showing internal structure chemical composition and crystal structure the 2 fundamental characteristics of mineral identification chemical composition fundamental characteristic of mineral i.d., requires skill, lab equipment, and knowledge polymorphs two minerals with […]

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Geology: Minerals Review

Minerals Naturally occurring, inorganic, and crystalline solid wit a definite chemical composition and physical properties ________ are made of minerals Rocks Atomic number Number of protons in the nucleus Atomic mass number Sum of protons and neutrons in the nucleus Isotopes same element; different number of neutrons giving the atom a different mass number Bonding […]

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APES Geology Test Questions/Answers

An advantage of recycling aluminum rather than disposing of it in landfills is that aluminum can be Produced from recycled metal using much less energy than is required for its production from aluminum ore Which of the following natural events would be most likely to contribute to the cooling of Earth’s atmosphere? Volcanism Elements that […]

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Geology Chapter 2: Minerals

Mineral A *naturally occurring*, *inorganic*, *crystalline solid* that has a *specific* chemical composition Mineralogy The *study* of minerals All minerals have a ________ _________? Crystalline structure Rocks Naturally formed aggregates of minerals or mineral-like substances Atoms Smallest, electrically neutral assemblies of energy and matter than we know exist in the universe Nucleus Contains: 1. *Protons*- […]

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Geology Identifying Minerals

Hematite Metallic (red brown, silver, or black color; red brown streak; H = 1-6.5; heavy; some varieties show one-way cleavage) Magnetite Metallic (black color; black streak; H = 6; heavy; magnetic; equidimensional grains) Pyrite Metallic (brass-yellow color; black streak; H = 6-6.5; often striated cubic crystals) Potassium feldspar (K-spar) Non-metallic [light colored{harder than glass[cleavage]}] (white, […]

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Minerals-geology

Geology The science that deals with the physical history of the earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the physical,chemical, and biological changes that the earth has undergone or is undergoing. geologist A scientist who studies the forces that make and shape the planet earth. Mineral A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has […]

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Geology/Minerals test=Menc

Deposition when rock pieces settle out of wind and water Streak the color of mineral’s powder lithosphere upper most part of the earth magma melted, molten rock lava liquid rock that reaches the Earth’s surface Inner core solid center of the earth, contains iron and nickel’ Fe, Ni outer core softer part of the core […]

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Geology and Minerals

geology a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks core the central part of the Earth below the mantle mantle the layer of the earth between the crust and the core continental crust The portion of the earth’s crust that primarily contains granite, is less dense than oceanic crust, […]

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Chapter 12 Geology and Nonrenewable Mineral Resources Questions

What can nanotechnology/tiny tech possibly be used for? -creating nano scale machines and materials -creating small supercomputers -removing industrial pollutants -creating solar cells What needs to be done before nanotechnology/tiny tech can be used? -carefully investigate potential ecological, economic, health, and societal risks -develop guidelines and regulations for controlling its growing applications until more is […]

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Geology: Minerals vs Rocks/Properties of Minerals

occur naturally, inorganic, solid, orderly internal structure, definite chemical compostion What are the 5 characteristics something must have in order to be a mineral? all minerals are rocks Are all rocks minerals or vv? solid, created naturally two characteristics something must have in order to be a rock? made up of multiple minerals What is […]

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Geology- Minerals and Igneous

What 5 requirements must be met for a substance to qualify as a mineral? 1. All minerals are solid objects 2. Must be naturally occurring 3. All minerals must be inorganic 4. When pure, all minerals are homogeneous 5. Patterned atomic structure Why do each of the below listed substances not qualify as a mineral? […]

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Geological Evolution

A scientist finds the bones of a dinosaur. What could help the scientist determine the approximate age of the dinosaur bones? the index fossils in the area of the bones What era do we currently live? Cenozoic What is the longest division of time? Eon What are the four divisions of the geologic time scale […]

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