Geology Flashcards

Chapter 11: Geology, Minerals, and Mining

geology the study of Earth’s physical features, processes, and history core Earth’s center. Consists mostly of iron, solid in the inside and molten in the outer area. mantle surrounds the core. Made up of dense, elastic rock. A portion of the upper area is called the asthenosphere and contains soft, melted rock lithosphere above the […]

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Chapter 11: Geology Minerals and Mining

Coltan Tantalite found with another mineral (columbite), used in cell phones Geology The study of earth’s history through its rocks, soils, and sediments – In the LITHOSPHERE. Includes the physical features and characteristics, and physical processes Rock Cycle Sequence of events in which rocks are formed, destroyed, altered, and reformed by geological processes (Earth’s crust […]

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Ch 3: Introduction to Environmental Geology (Minerals and Rocks) Keller

mineral naturally occuring, solid Earth matieral that has formed by geologic processes; building blocks of the rocks that form the solid framework of Earth’s crust geochemistry the study of the chemistry of the earth, of atoms and elements of importance to geologic processes; isotope two atoms of the same element with a different number of […]

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Geology Minerals Questions And Answers

finger nail hardness 2.5 steel nail hardness 5.0 glass plate hardness 5.5 Cleavage the tendency of a mineral to split consistently along certain planes where the atoms are weakly bonded. Fracture – no definite planes of weakness in the bonding of the atoms so the mineral just breaks along irregular surfaces. CONCHOIDAL fracture – irregular […]

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Geology test (Chapter 4-6)

Igneous Rock formation Solidification of melt- heat prevents them from completely forming- 650- 1200 Extrusive Above earths surface heat is lost rapidly Intrusive Melt infuses already formed rocks Volatiles Interfere atomic bonds Flux melting Melting with volatiles Magma groups Felsic, intermediate, mafic, ultramafic Aphanitic Small minerals- extrusive Phaneritic Easily visible minerals- intrusive Porphyritic Large and […]

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Geology Test #2 Study Guide

True or False: We are living during the third largest extinction event in geologic history? True A pair of metamorphic rocks with biochemical origins are: Marble and Anthracite Detrital sedimentary rocks are classified (named) based on the: Grain sizes of the detrial particles. The appearance and rapid proliferation of hard boiled macro fossils in the […]

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Geology Test #1 (rocks, minerals, earth’s composition)

Theory When a hypothesis has survived scrutiny against competing models: Lithosphere Name the layer that is the upper most portion of the mantle where the tectonic plates float upon: Alfred Wegener Father of the theory of plate tectonics: Athenosphere “Lower” section of the mantle: Transform boundary In plate tectonics, when two plates slide past each […]

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Geology Chapter 3- Minerals

What is the definition of minerals? Naturally occurring, Inorganic, Solid, Ordered internal molecular structure, Definite chemical composition What is the definition of a rock? A solid aggregate or mass of minerals What is the chemistry of minerals? Atoms, Charged atoms (ions), and Isotopes What consist of an atom? Protons, neutrons, and electrons What is a […]

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eggs mini test 3(geology, minerals, & mining)

geology study of earths physical features, processes, and history why study geology? -controls distribution of mineral resources -controls location of many geological hazards earths internal layering -CRUST:thin outer layer rose to top -fairly dense rock stayed in the middle:MANTLE -heavy metals sank to the CORE(iron and nickel) true layers were formed when earth was molten […]

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Mineral Geology

Identify the two groups of minerals Silicates- Contains silicon and oxygen – 90% of earth’s crust – Combine with elements such as Al, Fe, Mg, and K Non-Silicates- Do not contain combination of Si and O – May contain C, O, F, S – Classes of Non-Silicates – Native elements: Au, Cu, Ag – Oxides: […]

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Geology Ch. 5- Minerals

ionic bond oppositely charged ions attract to produce a neutral chemical compound- weak (velcro) covalent bond sharing of electrons to achieve a stable atomic structure- strong (rope) metallic bond electrons are shared between all atoms van der waals bond opposite charges occuring on opposite sides of a sheet- weak (usually found in weak areas- graphite) […]

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Geology and Minerals

geology a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks core the central part of the Earth below the mantle mantle the layer of the earth between the crust and the core continental crust The portion of the earth’s crust that primarily contains granite, is less dense than oceanic crust, […]

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Chapter 12 Geology and Nonrenewable Mineral Resources Questions

What can nanotechnology/tiny tech possibly be used for? -creating nano scale machines and materials -creating small supercomputers -removing industrial pollutants -creating solar cells What needs to be done before nanotechnology/tiny tech can be used? -carefully investigate potential ecological, economic, health, and societal risks -develop guidelines and regulations for controlling its growing applications until more is […]

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Geology: Minerals vs Rocks/Properties of Minerals

occur naturally, inorganic, solid, orderly internal structure, definite chemical compostion What are the 5 characteristics something must have in order to be a mineral? all minerals are rocks Are all rocks minerals or vv? solid, created naturally two characteristics something must have in order to be a rock? made up of multiple minerals What is […]

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Geology Rock & Mineral Test

Define a Mineral A natural solid with a definite chemical composition and a characteristic set of physical properties Name 4 Physical Properties used to identify minerals…Think back to our labs Streak, Color, Luster, Cleavage and Fracture Name 2 Special properties of certain minerals? Example: double refraction Fluorescence, Radioactivity, Magnetism Name and describe 2 minerals we […]

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Geology Test- Minerals

Which of the following is a not a true statement about a mineral substance? Naturally occuring and inorganic Crystal form Specific Chemical composition Solid Must contain silicate ion Must contain silicate ion The hardest known mineral is? Diamond Minerals are grouped into silicates and non-silicate minerals. All silicate minerals contain which two elements? Silicon, oxygen […]

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Geologic Time Scale Questions

Geologic Time Scale A record of Earth’s long history including geologic events and life forms How Was The GTS Created Originally developed from studying rock layers and index fossils / used major changes seen in the fossil record to mark where one unit of geologic time ends and another begins. Relative Age deeper =older not […]

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Geology- Minerals Flashcard

mineral a substance that forms in nature, is a solid, has a definite chemical makeup (each mineral is made up of the same amount and same type of elements), has a crystal structure, and is inorganic (not of living origin) density the amount of mass in a given volume of substance Density = Mass/Volume hardness […]

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Geology- Minerals and Igneous

What 5 requirements must be met for a substance to qualify as a mineral? 1. All minerals are solid objects 2. Must be naturally occurring 3. All minerals must be inorganic 4. When pure, all minerals are homogeneous 5. Patterned atomic structure Why do each of the below listed substances not qualify as a mineral? […]

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Geology: Minerals Review

Minerals Naturally occurring, inorganic, and crystalline solid wit a definite chemical composition and physical properties ________ are made of minerals Rocks Atomic number Number of protons in the nucleus Atomic mass number Sum of protons and neutrons in the nucleus Isotopes same element; different number of neutrons giving the atom a different mass number Bonding […]

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Geology- Minerals Vocabulary

Color The easiest and often first step to mineral identification Streak The color a mineral is when it is broken up and powered Streak Catch Only works for minerals softer than the streak plate Luster Amount of light reflected off a mineral’s surface Hardness How resistant a mineral is to being scratched Fracture/Cleavage The way […]

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