Astronomy

honors history- people of scientific revolution

Francis Bacon Philosophy -formulated the scientific method • proposed that science is inductive—it proceeds • believed that science should improve people’s lives Robert Boyle Chemistry • discovered the relationship between the volume of a gas and the pressure exerted on it Margaret Cavendish Philosophy • speculated on the nature of the atom • criticized the […]

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Astronomy Flashcards

Astronomy the study of the universe Galaxy a collection of star systems Solar System the sun with the celestial bodies that revolve around it in its gravitational field Local Group a group of about 30 galaxies that includes the Milky Way Astronomical Unit a unit of length used for distances within the solar system; equal […]

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Astronomy Chapters 1-3

How many constellations are in the sky? 88 Why is looking in the sky like looking back in time? Because the objects in space are so far from us that not even the speed of light can reach us in a timely manner. How fast does light travel? 300,000 kilometers (186,000 miles) per second The […]

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Astronomy – Astronomy

Zodiac A belt about 16° wide around the sky centered on the ecliptic, containing 12 constellations Wien’s Law of Radiation The wavelength, max, at which a blackbody emits the greatest amount of radiation is inversely proportional to its temperature (T). max =0.3/T Parallax One half of the apparent change in the star’s angular position, which […]

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TOEFL Words: Astronomy

Atmosphere (There is an *atmosphere* of peace and calm in the country, quite different from the *atmosphere* of a big city.) n. the gases surrounding a planet; the way a particular place makes someone feel ( 气,大气层) Atmospheric (Rust results from the slow combination of iron with *atmospheric* oxygen and water vapor.) adj. relating to, […]

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6th grade Astronomy

star (astronomy) a celestial body of hot gases that radiates energy derived from thermonuclear reactions in the interior galaxy a collection of star systems Big Bang Theory the theory that states that the universe began with a tremendous explosion aout 13.7 years ago Black Hole an object so massive and dense that even light cannot […]

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9th grade Earth Science ~ Astronomy Test Review

stellar nebula first phase of a star’s life cycle average star and massive star stellar nebula splits into which two categories? red giant next star phase after average star is ______ ________ planetary nebula after red giant is _______ ________ white dwarf after planetary nebula is ______ ________, also the last phase of this kind […]

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Introductory Astronomy: Chapter 18

Big Bang the theory that the universe originated 13.7 billion years ago from the cataclysmic explosion of a small mass of matter at extremely high density and temperature – generated the expansion of motion that we observe today distribution of galaxies scattered across approx. uniformly – therefore, universe is approx. the same in all directions […]

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Honors Astronomy Semester 2 Final

What is interesting about Jupiter’s rotation period? Fastest in the solar system Essentially, the Great Red Spot is A large cyclonic system (hurricane) Alternating zones of rising & sinking gas in Jupiter’s atmosphere create Light & dark bands What is thought to lie at the center of Jupiter? A massive core of rocky materials w/some […]

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EARTH & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE | Unit: Astronomy

Astronomy The science that studies the universe. It includes the observation and interpretation of celestial bodies and phenomena. Nebula Rotating clouds of interstellar gas or dust composed of hydrogen and helium Terrestrial Planets Planets that are small and rocky– Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars Jovian Planets The huge gas giants–Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune Atmosphere […]

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Astronomy Chapter 3 Key Terms

Electromagnetic Radiation Another term for light, electromagnetic radiation transfers energy and information form one place to another. Visible Light The small range of the electromagnetic spectrum that human eyes perceive as light. The visible spectrum ranges fro about 400-700 nm, corresponding to blue through red light. Radio Waves Electromagnetic radiation with wavelength in the radio […]

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Honors Astronomy Final 2

The ESA satellite which gave us our most accurate distances to stars is called Hippacros If two stars differ in brightness by 5 magnitudes, the light ratio received by us is ______ to 1 100x In comparing first magnitude Deneb with second magnitude Polaris, we find that Deneb appears 2.5x brighter to us than Polaris […]

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Honors Earth and Space

What scientist is believed to have started modern astronomy? Copernicus What are the five scientists believed to have given birth to modern astronomy? Copernicus, Brahe, Kepler, Galileo, Newton What is the Heliocentric Model? Sun Centered Model What is the Geocentric Model? Earth Centered Model The 20th Century is known as this: Era of Space Exploration […]

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Honors Astronomy Exam 1 (Chapters 1-5)

field of view the region you can see in the image solar system consists of the sun, its family of planets, and some smaller bodies, such as moons and comets planets small, spherical, non-luminous bodies that orbit a star and shine by reflected light star a self-luminous ball of hot gas that generates its own […]

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Astronomy – Astronomy

astro concerning the stars, the planets, or space astronomy the scientific study of the sun, moon, stars, etc astrophysics the scientific study of the chemical nature of the stars and the natural forces that influence them astrology the art of understanding the supposed influence of the sun, moon, stars, and planets on events and on […]

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Astronomy Chapter 2:

Electromagnetic Radiation Another term for light, transfers energy and information from one to another Visible Light Small range of the electromagnetic spectrum that human eyes perceive as light Radio Region of the electromagnetic spectrum corresponding to radiation of the longest wavelengths Infrared Region of the electromagnetic spectrum just outside the visible range, corresponding to light […]

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Astronomy honors solar system review

The (blank) have larger radii than the (blank) planets 1)jovian 2)terrestrial A (blank) theory of the formation of the solar system uses sudden events that drastically alter the form of the early solar system. catastrophic the dirty snowball model is used as a model for the physical structure of (blank) comets the largest volcano found […]

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Astronomy 123

does astronomy predict the motion of planets? No An example of change from mythical to geometric universe is: change from tabulated data to models what is the difference between mythical and geometric universes? mythical is based upon storytelling (constellations and folklore) and geometric universe is based off of data, reasoning, math and written explanations. what […]

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Honors Earth Science Astronomy

What kind of spectrum is this? Continuous spectra Continuous spectra are produced from hot solids or dense gases What kind of spectrum is this? Emission spectra Emission spectra are produced from hot gases What kind of spectrum is this? Absorption spectra Absorption spectra are produced from cool gases Doppler Effect As an object moves farther […]

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Astronomy honors unit 1 Appolloni

What is the summer solstice? June 21st. Ecliptic where sun is at its northernmost point and hitting the tropic of cancer Winter Solstice? When sun is directly hitting tropic of capricorn and southernmost in the sky Vernal equinox? Sun is directly hitting equator. Every place on earth has equal night and day Autumnal equinox? Sun […]

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Astronomy Science Olympiad Master

O stars Hottest blue-white stars with few lines Strong He II absorption (sometimes emission) lines He I absorption lines becoming stronger B stars Hot blue-white He I absorption lines strongest at B2 H I (Balmer) absorption lines getting stronger A stars White Balmer absorption lines strongest at A), becoming weaker later Ca II absorption lines […]

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