Ocean World – Oceanography

Average depth and temp. of the ocean 12,100 Ft Average (3688 Meters) – Deepest 36,000 Ft (10,944 Meters) Temp – 3.9 Celsius (39 F) Atlantic – 12,612 FT (3844 Meters) Pacific – 12,927 FT (3940 Meters) Indian – 12,598 FT (3840 Meters) Arctic – 3665 FT (1117 Meters) Which hemisphere contains the most landmass? Northern […]


the purpose of the voyage to study humpback whales what is oceanography? the study of earth’s oceans what are the oceans? Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, and Atlantic fo’c’sle the foward-most part of the boat or ship that is used as sleeping quarters marine bioligist a scientist who specializes in animals and plants that live in […]


What are the 4 subfields of oceanography? Geological, chemical, physical, and biological What are the four principal oceans? Rank them based on the areas and their depth. pacific, atlantic,indian, artic What is a sea? What are the six seas? Red Sea, Black Sea, Dead Sea, South China Sea, Caspian Sea, and Meditteranean Sea What is […]

Oceanography -5th grade

water pressure increases as depth increases because of the weight of the water pushing down rip currents Narrow streams of water that break through sand bars and drain rapidly back to sea gyre the large, circular surface-current pattern found in each ocean gulf stream a warm ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico […]

The Study of Oceanography

What is oceanography? 5 areas of science: 1. Marine geology 2. Physical oceanography 3. Chemical oceanography 4. Marine engineering 5. Marine Biology Marine geology The study of the composition of the inner earth, sea floor sediments, the history of the ocean, continent movement, climates, earthquakes, resource distribution, and where resources come from Physical oceanography The […]

Oceanography (latitude and longitude)

Latitude Runs east to west But meaaured north to south 0-90 n or 0-90 s Latitude is also called Altitude of Polaris Altitude Angle Polaris North Star Longitude Run north to south But measure east to west 0-180w or 0-180e Runs from pole to pole Prime meridian Line of longitude that represents 0* longitude Runs […]

Branches of Oceanography or Marine Science

physical oceanography collect and study data on the ocean’s tides, currents, and waves. physical oceanography uses a variety of special instruments and devices that measure the earth’s magnetic and gravitational fields, the speed of sound traveling through water, the ocean’s depths, and the flow of heat from the earth’s interior. geological oceanography study of the […]


coastal waters Adjacent to land Open ocean most commercial fish Are caught here Esturary Partly enclosed body of water Benefits of wetlands Areas of high biological productivity in diversity. It’s biologically important. efficiently cleans polluted water Biological effects of oil spills in marine environments Oil spills coat and poisons wildlife Discuss ways in which oil […]


continental slope the part of the ocean floor that slopes steeply continental shelf the part of the ocean floor that drops gently near the land Abyssal Plains A large, flat area of the ocean floor Seamounts/Guyotes underwater volcanic mountains that rise 100 m above the ocean floor. Guyotes are flat topped seamounts. Trenches the deepest […]

Oceanography Exam #1 — (Introduction)

Oceanography The scientific study of the ocean by applying traditional sciences, such as physics, chemistry, geology, biology, and engineering, to all aspects of the ocean. Five disciplines of Oceanography. Physical, Chemical, Geological (Marine Geology), Marine Biology, and Marine Engineering. Marine Geology (Geological Oceanography) The study of the history and structure of the ocean floor. It […]

Types of Oceanography

Oceanography the branch of science that deals with the physical and biological properties and phenomena of the sea Physical oceanography the study of physical conditions and physical processes within the ocean, especially the motions and physical properties of ocean waters. Physical oceanography is one of several sub-domains into which oceanography is divided Biological oceanography the […]

What is Oceanography?

Oceanography is the systematic study of the ocean environment on all scales and from biology to physics. It includes descriptive, quantitative, predictive, interdisciplinary science. Geological oceanography Branch of marine science that studies seafloor formations, sediments, and coastal formations Biological oceanography the study of the lifeforms in the ocean and their relationships to one another Chemical […]


Nebular Hypothesis rotating dusts and gases most material swept to the center producing the sun and planets Formation of Oceans H20 was released by outgassing which is the release of a gas that has been dissolved, trapped frozen into some material How the oceans are salty The sea gets salty because when rain falls on […]

Intro to Oceanography

Oceanography The study of the Ocean and all aspects of the Marine Environment How many oceans exist on Earth? 4 + 1 Biological Oceanography example Coral reefs, sea life, microscopic organisms Chemical Oceanography example Chemical composition, ocean acidification, toxins, nutrients, hydrothermal vents Geological Oceanography example Plate tectonics, sediment movement Physical Oceanography example Currents, waves, tides […]

Oceanography part 1

What is oceanography? Study of the ocean, its surroundings, and life within it. What are the five oceans in order from largest to smallest? Pacific Atlantic Indian Arctic Antarctic Ocean What are the 4 main ocean disciplines? Physical, Chemical, Biological, Geological What is physical oceanography? How and why ocean currents flow, air-sea interactions such as […]

Oceanography chapter 2

Aqua A NASA satellite designed to obtain data on Earth’s water cycle. Challenger expedition The first wholly scientific oceanographic expedition, 1872-1976; named for the steam corvette used in the voyage. Meteor expedition German Atlantic expedition begun in 1925; the first to use an echo sounder and other modern optical and electronic instrumentation. TOPEX/Poseidon Joint French-U.S. […]


bathymetry the measurement of ocean depths and the charting of the shape of the ocean floor continental shelf the gently sloping submerged surface extending from the shoreline deep-ocean trenches sites of plate convergence where one moving plate descends beneath another and plunges back into the mantle hydrothermal vents zones where mineral-rich water, heated by the […]

Oceanography Equipment

gravity core mist basic sampling device used to collect core samples from the sea floor secchi disk used to estimate the tracparency of sea water dip net useful for scooping up seaweed, jellyfish, and othe drifting organisms from docks and sides of vessels sediment sieves used to analyze swdiment grain size composition phytoplankton nets a […]


Abyssal Plain The flat part of the ocean’s floor Continental Shelf The land that is underwater but attached to the continent – the part we see Continental Slope Where the land slopes into the water – can be very steep Trench A long, narrow steep depression (hole or canyon) in the ocean’s floor Mid-Ocean Ridge […]

Oceanography Review

71% amount the Earth is covered by water 29% amount the Earth is covered by land Pacific ocean the largest and deepest ocean 4 the number of ocean basins turbidity current a current with a downslope movement of dense sediment-rich water thermocline layer of rapid temperature change salinity 3.5 % or 35 ppt sodium chloride […]

Oceanography Chapter 8 Vocab

air mass A large mass of air with nearly uniform temperature, humidity, and density throughout. atmosphere The envelope of gases that surround a planet and are held to it by the planet’s gravitational attraction. atmospheric circulation cell Large circuit of air driven by uneven solar heating and the Coriolis effect. Three circulation cells form in […]

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